Do life events and social support vary across depressive disorders?

Savitha Soman, Shripathy M. Bhat, K. S. Latha, Samir Kumar Praharaj

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Social support and life events moderate the expression of depression though studies have shown contradictory results. The objective was to study the stressful life events and perceived social support in patients with adjustment disorder, first-episode depression, and recurrent depressive disorder (RDD). Subjects and Methods: One hundred and forty-six patients aged 18-60 years with adjustment disorder, first-episode depression, or RDD according to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision were evaluated using the presumptive stressful life events scale and Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support. Results: There was no difference in mean number of total life events and subgroups as well as perceived stress score in the past 1 year between the groups. There was no difference in the perceived social support scale total score, as well as from family and friends, across the three groups. However, the mean perceived social support from significant others in those with RDD was lower as compared to those with adjustment disorder. Conclusion: Stressful life events do not differ in adjustment disorder, first-episode depression, and RDD. Furthermore, the perceived social support was similar across the three groups, except for perceived social support from significant others, which was less in those with RDD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)316-322
Number of pages7
JournalIndian Journal of Psychological Medicine
Volume39
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-05-2017

Fingerprint

Depressive Disorder
Social Support
Adjustment Disorders
Depression
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

@article{26dc333abb3b4b1bb6c294ed551a3608,
title = "Do life events and social support vary across depressive disorders?",
abstract = "Background: Social support and life events moderate the expression of depression though studies have shown contradictory results. The objective was to study the stressful life events and perceived social support in patients with adjustment disorder, first-episode depression, and recurrent depressive disorder (RDD). Subjects and Methods: One hundred and forty-six patients aged 18-60 years with adjustment disorder, first-episode depression, or RDD according to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision were evaluated using the presumptive stressful life events scale and Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support. Results: There was no difference in mean number of total life events and subgroups as well as perceived stress score in the past 1 year between the groups. There was no difference in the perceived social support scale total score, as well as from family and friends, across the three groups. However, the mean perceived social support from significant others in those with RDD was lower as compared to those with adjustment disorder. Conclusion: Stressful life events do not differ in adjustment disorder, first-episode depression, and RDD. Furthermore, the perceived social support was similar across the three groups, except for perceived social support from significant others, which was less in those with RDD.",
author = "Savitha Soman and Bhat, {Shripathy M.} and Latha, {K. S.} and Praharaj, {Samir Kumar}",
year = "2017",
month = "5",
day = "1",
doi = "10.4103/0253-7176.207334",
language = "English",
volume = "39",
pages = "316--322",
journal = "Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine",
issn = "0253-7176",
publisher = "Medknow Publications and Media Pvt. Ltd",
number = "3",

}

Do life events and social support vary across depressive disorders? / Soman, Savitha; Bhat, Shripathy M.; Latha, K. S.; Praharaj, Samir Kumar.

In: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine, Vol. 39, No. 3, 01.05.2017, p. 316-322.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Do life events and social support vary across depressive disorders?

AU - Soman, Savitha

AU - Bhat, Shripathy M.

AU - Latha, K. S.

AU - Praharaj, Samir Kumar

PY - 2017/5/1

Y1 - 2017/5/1

N2 - Background: Social support and life events moderate the expression of depression though studies have shown contradictory results. The objective was to study the stressful life events and perceived social support in patients with adjustment disorder, first-episode depression, and recurrent depressive disorder (RDD). Subjects and Methods: One hundred and forty-six patients aged 18-60 years with adjustment disorder, first-episode depression, or RDD according to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision were evaluated using the presumptive stressful life events scale and Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support. Results: There was no difference in mean number of total life events and subgroups as well as perceived stress score in the past 1 year between the groups. There was no difference in the perceived social support scale total score, as well as from family and friends, across the three groups. However, the mean perceived social support from significant others in those with RDD was lower as compared to those with adjustment disorder. Conclusion: Stressful life events do not differ in adjustment disorder, first-episode depression, and RDD. Furthermore, the perceived social support was similar across the three groups, except for perceived social support from significant others, which was less in those with RDD.

AB - Background: Social support and life events moderate the expression of depression though studies have shown contradictory results. The objective was to study the stressful life events and perceived social support in patients with adjustment disorder, first-episode depression, and recurrent depressive disorder (RDD). Subjects and Methods: One hundred and forty-six patients aged 18-60 years with adjustment disorder, first-episode depression, or RDD according to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision were evaluated using the presumptive stressful life events scale and Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support. Results: There was no difference in mean number of total life events and subgroups as well as perceived stress score in the past 1 year between the groups. There was no difference in the perceived social support scale total score, as well as from family and friends, across the three groups. However, the mean perceived social support from significant others in those with RDD was lower as compared to those with adjustment disorder. Conclusion: Stressful life events do not differ in adjustment disorder, first-episode depression, and RDD. Furthermore, the perceived social support was similar across the three groups, except for perceived social support from significant others, which was less in those with RDD.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85020184691&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85020184691&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.4103/0253-7176.207334

DO - 10.4103/0253-7176.207334

M3 - Article

VL - 39

SP - 316

EP - 322

JO - Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine

JF - Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine

SN - 0253-7176

IS - 3

ER -