Introduction and Aim: Vitamin D, besides its classical physiological functions, exerts effects on brain, prostate, breast, colon, pancreas, and immune cells due to the ubiquitous presence of its receptors. Hypovitaminosis D predisposes individuals to various micro and macro vascular complications of metabolic syndrome and diabetes mellitus. Despite speculations regarding implications of its deficiency on the cardio metabolic health of general/ susceptible population, its role remains underexplored in the Indian population. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study carried out in Biochemistry Department of the institution, recruited 219 patients (after obtaining written consent) of both genders above18 years who underwent Vitamin D testing. Blood samples obtained were assayed for HbA1c, C Reactive protein, thiol and lipid. Kruskal Wallis test and Spearman correlation were employed for statistical analysis. Results: Significantly low HDL and high atherogenic index of plasma (AIP) were observed in males with vitamin D deficiency. Significant inverse correlation of vitamin D with CRP and total cholesterol (among vitamin D deficient males) was observed. A significant inverse correlation between serum HDL and AIP and a significant direct correlation between triglyceride and AIP were observed irrespective of their vitamin D status. Heat map showed marginally elevated lipid parameters among vitamin D insufficient males. Conclusion: Vitamin D may emerge as a surrogate marker in risk stratification of patients with diabetes and dyslipidaemia. More insights are required to assess the gender specific susceptibility to dyslipidaemia and atherosclerosis in relation to vitamin D levels.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)