Diffusion weighted (DW) magnetic resonance (MR) imaging maps the diffusion process of water in the tissues. DW-MR image is useful to probe the tissue microstructure, but suffers from inherent low signal to noise ratio and poor contrast. Dynamic stochastic resonance (DSR) utilizes the noise to enhance the low contrast image where the quality of the processed image depends on the bistability parameters of DSR and the number of iterations. This paper presents an approach that optimally finds the bistability parameters and number of iterations for the maximization of competitive image quality indices: contrast enhancement factor and mean opinion score using multi-objective particle swarm optimization. The proposed Particle Swarm Optimization optimized DSR algorithm has been tested on 40 DW-MR brain images of different subjects. The quantified results show average contrast enhancement factor, 1.603 and average perceptual quality measure, 9.508. These values are significantly higher than image quality indices of original image, the images that are produced by conventional enhancement methods and filtering followed by enhancement methods.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biomedical Engineering