Effect of aerobic exercises on depressive symptoms, anxiety, self-esteem, and quality of life among adults with depression

Udatha Thirupathi Rao, Judith Angelitta Noronha, Kasturi Adiga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Depression impacts on daily living activities of depressive patients. Patients suffering with mental disorders also show impairment in their Quality of life. Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of aerobic exercises on depressive symptoms, anxiety, self-esteem, and quality of life among adults suffering from depression. Methods: Participants (N = 80) were assigned to the experimental group (40), received the aerobic exercises along with medication and control group (40), received the medication only. The intervention was carried out over a period of 8 weeks with the intervention group performing the exercise for 3 days a week. Results: The mean age of the experimental group 40.0 ± 10.18 and control group is 43.63 ± 11.86 respectively. Significant reduction was seen in the depressive symptoms and anxiety when in intervention group when compared to control group using independent t-test. The study also showed improvement in the self-esteem and overall quality of life scores and specifically significant improvement was seen in the area of psychological, social and environmental domain as measured by WHO QOL scale. Conclusion: The study concludes that exercise had definitely helped in reducing the depressive symptoms, anxiety and improved the self-esteem and quality of life of patients with depression. The study was found to be cost-effective and feasible to be made as a routine intervention along with medication for patients to manage depressive symptoms.

Original languageEnglish
JournalClinical Epidemiology and Global Health
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 01-01-2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Epidemiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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