Effect of alternate nostril breathing exercise on experimentally induced anxiety in healthy volunteers using the simulated public speaking model: A randomized controlled pilot study

Ashwin Kamath, Rathnakar P. Urval, Ashok K. Shenoy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A randomized controlled pilot study was carried out to determine the effect of a 15-minute practice of ANB exercise on experimentally induced anxiety using the simulated public speaking model in yoga-naïve healthy young adults. Thirty consenting medical students were equally divided into test and control groups. The test group performed alternate nostril breathing exercise for 15 minutes, while the control group sat in a quiet roombefore participating in the simulated public speaking test (SPST). Visual AnalogMood Scale and Self-Statements during Public Speaking scale were used to measure the mood state at different phases of the SPST.The psychometric scores of both groups were comparable at baseline. Repeated-measures ANOVA showed a significant effect of phase (P < 0.05), but group and gender did not have statistically significant influence on the mean anxiety scores. However, the test group showed a trend towards lower mean scores for the anxiety factor when compared with the control group. Considering the limitations of this pilot study and the trend seen towards lower anxiety in the test group, alternate nostril breathing may have potential anxiolytic effect in acute stressful situations. A study with larger sample size is therefore warranted. This trial is registered with CTRI/2014/03/004460.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2450670
JournalBioMed Research International
Volume2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-2017

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Breathing Exercises
Healthy Volunteers
Anxiety
Control Groups
Anti-Anxiety Agents
Analysis of variance (ANOVA)
Yoga
Medical Students
Psychometrics
Sample Size
Students
Young Adult
Analysis of Variance
Respiration
Exercise

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "A randomized controlled pilot study was carried out to determine the effect of a 15-minute practice of ANB exercise on experimentally induced anxiety using the simulated public speaking model in yoga-na{\"i}ve healthy young adults. Thirty consenting medical students were equally divided into test and control groups. The test group performed alternate nostril breathing exercise for 15 minutes, while the control group sat in a quiet roombefore participating in the simulated public speaking test (SPST). Visual AnalogMood Scale and Self-Statements during Public Speaking scale were used to measure the mood state at different phases of the SPST.The psychometric scores of both groups were comparable at baseline. Repeated-measures ANOVA showed a significant effect of phase (P < 0.05), but group and gender did not have statistically significant influence on the mean anxiety scores. However, the test group showed a trend towards lower mean scores for the anxiety factor when compared with the control group. Considering the limitations of this pilot study and the trend seen towards lower anxiety in the test group, alternate nostril breathing may have potential anxiolytic effect in acute stressful situations. A study with larger sample size is therefore warranted. This trial is registered with CTRI/2014/03/004460.",
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