Objective: High intensity workout stimulates the sympathetic nervous system and causes changes in the salivary composition. We hypothesized that activity of caries-causing bacteria in saliva may differ before and after workout. The objective of the study was to investigate if there is any difference in the oral microbial activity before and after HIIT (High Intensity Interval Training) workout. Methods: Unstimulated saliva was collected before and after HIIT workout (n = 35). The workout was performed until the participant's heart rate reached 70–80% of maximum heart rate. The microbial activity of saliva was estimated using Oratest. Results: The participants belonged to 4 ethnities- Indian, Malays, Chinese and Others (18–22 years). The post-workout salivary microbial activity was higher than the pre-workout levels, being statistically significant (P = 0.010). The increase in the post-workout microbial activity among females was found to be higher when compared to males. We also found significant different according to the ethnicities. Conclusion: We conclude that caries activity increases immediately after a vigorous workout and remains high at least for 15 min. Further studies are needed to validate the findings. Workout enthusiast should be aware of this so that they can take necessary precautions and be more regular with their dental check-ups.
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