Effect of hypotension in stenosed common carotid artery A FSI study

B. Raghuvir Pai, S. M.Abdul Khader, Anurag Ayachit, V. R.K. Rao, S. Ganesh Kamath

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Fluid-Structure Interaction (FSI) is one of the growing challenges in scientific computing wherein both fluid and structural solution domains are coupled using CFD and FEM methods respectively. Results from both the analysis are exchanged at interface junction in a synchronized manner to obtain an FSI solution. This study is helpful in observing the behavior of blood flow through arteries and to study the mechanisms of diseases like Atherosclerosis, Hypertension, Aneurysms etc. The blood flow distends the elastic artery due the flow-induced pressure and deformed artery in turn affects the flow behavior. In the present study, a simple straight common carotid artery having an eccentric blockage is analyzed under normal and low blood pressure conditions. The clinical data has been obtained from ultrasound measurements on a volunteer patient and modeling is done using ANSYS. An ANSYS Parametric Design Language (APDL) has been written in ANSYS to carry out the transient analysis and to obtain the arterial deformation, wall shear stress and velocity contour to observe the pulsatile flow. The obtained results reveal the significance of low blood pressure in comparison with normal pressure. The hypotension has less wall deformation as compared with normal case, reducing the flow rate in distal side. The results obtained agree very well with available clinical data.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2011 IEEE 3rd International Conference on Communication Software and Networks, ICCSN 2011
Pages269-272
Number of pages4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29-09-2011
Event2011 IEEE 3rd International Conference on Communication Software and Networks, ICCSN 2011 - Xi'an, China
Duration: 27-05-201129-05-2011

Conference

Conference2011 IEEE 3rd International Conference on Communication Software and Networks, ICCSN 2011
CountryChina
CityXi'an
Period27-05-1129-05-11

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Software

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