This paper presents the influence of circular front and back shroud fences on the performance of a backward swept centrifugal fan impeller handling air. The analysis is carried out to determine the main characteristics of the fan i.e. the variation of head and theoretical efficiency for various flow coefficients. The circular fence size is optimized parametrically by varying its diameter and the location on the shroud surface. The effect of the shroud fences on the flow field was analyzed for the fences placed on both front and back shroud surfaces of the impeller separately. The numerical simulation is carried out using an appropriate k - ε turbulence model. The relative flow inside the impeller passages is modeled using the standard sliding mesh technique. The numerical results for the base model (i.e. without the fence) are validated against experimental results obtained from the test rig built specially for validation study and are found to have good agreement. It is found from the analysis that the average percentage increase in head coefficient is significant and is about 2 % higher as compared to the base model for the optimized geometrical configuration of diameter ratio and radial fence location as determined in the study. The optimized geometrical configuration also yields a higher theoretical efficiency of about 2.3 % corroborating the improvement in head coefficient with respect to the base model. Hence the efficacy of optimally placed circular fence on the performance of centrifugal fan is established in this numerical study.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering