To compare the effects of different chelating agents on the push-out bond strength of calcium silicate-based cements to the simulated root-end cavities. Root-end cavities were prepared on the roots of fifty extracted maxillary anterior teeth. The specimens were then randomly divided into 5 groups (n=10) based on the final irrigation regimen: Group 1: 17% EDTA, Group 2: 7% maleic acid, Group 3: QMix, Group 4: 2.25% peracetic acid (PAA), Group 5: 0.9% saline. Then, the samples from each group were subdivided into two groups (n=5) based on the apical filling material. In group 1, root-end cavities of all samples were filled with Biodentine and in group 2, with MTA. Each sample was horizontally sectioned to produce two discs of ∼1 mm thick per specimen. The maximum load required for the dislodgement of 100 retrofillings was recorded. The specimens were examined under scanning electron microscope after debonding to assess the type of bond failure. Data were statistically analyzed using Kruskal Wallis and Mann Whitney U tests. Irrigation with saline resulted in higher bond strength compared to the other irrigants in the retrograde cavities obturated with MTA or Biodentine (p<.05). In MTA group, there was no significant difference between the test irrigants (p>.05). EDTA and PAA groups showed higher dislodgement resistance values than the other test irrigants, when Biodentine was used as a filling. The type of irrigation solution influences the bond strength of the root-end fillings.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Medical Laboratory Technology