Effect of oral and maxillofacial injuries on the development of post-traumatic stress disorder: A cross-sectional study

Sunil S. Nayak, Abhay Taranath Kamath, Sreea Roy, Vanishri S. Nayak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To assess the influence of oral and maxillofacial trauma on the development of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and to determine the efficiency of the Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R) as a diagnostic tool for detecting PTSD in patients with Oral and Maxillofacial injuries. Material and Methods: PTSD was assessed one month postoperatively by the diagnostic instrument, IES-R, to arrive at a provisional diagnosis. A structured clinician-administered PTSD Scale then assessed the patients for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-5th edition (CAPS-5) to establish a final diagnosis. The assessment of the severity of PTSD was done based on various types of oral and maxillofacial injuries. Results: The IES-R scale provisionally diagnosed 54 subjects with PTSD, out of which 42 were diagnosed to have PTSD by the CAPS-5 scale. Subjects with injuries involving the ‘orbital complex,' those presenting with a perceptible scar in the maxillofacial region and with multiple avulsed/ luxated anterior teeth, showed a higher affinity to develop PTSD, and this was statistically significant. Conclusion: Higher levels of PTSD in patients with injuries to the maxillofacial region warrants correct diagnosis and detection, and hence the maxillofacial surgeon plays a vital role in this regard. The IES-R is a useful diagnostic tool to detect PTSD early.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0119
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalPesquisa Brasileira em Odontopediatria e Clinica Integrada
Volume21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Dentistry(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Effect of oral and maxillofacial injuries on the development of post-traumatic stress disorder: A cross-sectional study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this