Effect of physical activity intervention in prediabetes

A systematic review with meta-analysis

Radhika Aditya Jadhav, Animesh Hazari, Ashma Monterio, Sampath Kumar, Arun G. Maiya

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Prediabetes is a strong risk factor for the development of Type2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM). Modifcation in lifestyle plays an important role to avoid the prognosis of T2DM and its complications in future. The aim of our study was to focus on the effectiveness of physical activity (PA) intervention program on different outcome measures in individuals with prediabetes. The effort of the present review was to contribute to the existing literature by strengthening the evidence pointing toward the positive impact of physical activity in individuals with prediabetes. Methods: Studies have been identifed through database like PubMed, Scopus, and ProQuest. Randomized and nonrandomized controlled trials have been included. Nineteen articles have been selected for the qualitative analysis and 08 for meta-analysis. Results: PA intervention showed a favorable effect on improving oral glucose tolerance (Risk ratio [RR] -0.26, 95% CI -0.06 to 0.07) and fasting blood sugar (RR -0.05, 95% CI -0.14 to 0.04). It also showed the favorable effect on glycated hemoglobin (HbA1C), maximum oxygen uptake (VO2max), and body composition. Conclusion: Present review suggests that the PA promotion and participation can help to slow down the progression of disease in individuals with prediabetes and thus reduces the morbidity and mortality associated with T2DM.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)745-755
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Physical Activity and Health
Volume14
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-09-2017

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Prediabetic State
Meta-Analysis
Diabetes Mellitus
Odds Ratio
Glycosylated Hemoglobin A
Diabetes Complications
Glucose Tolerance Test
Body Composition
PubMed
Disease Progression
Blood Glucose
Life Style
Fasting
Randomized Controlled Trials
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Databases
Oxygen
Morbidity
Mortality

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Cite this

Jadhav, Radhika Aditya ; Hazari, Animesh ; Monterio, Ashma ; Kumar, Sampath ; Maiya, Arun G. / Effect of physical activity intervention in prediabetes : A systematic review with meta-analysis. In: Journal of Physical Activity and Health. 2017 ; Vol. 14, No. 9. pp. 745-755.
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Effect of physical activity intervention in prediabetes : A systematic review with meta-analysis. / Jadhav, Radhika Aditya; Hazari, Animesh; Monterio, Ashma; Kumar, Sampath; Maiya, Arun G.

In: Journal of Physical Activity and Health, Vol. 14, No. 9, 01.09.2017, p. 745-755.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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