Effect of varying 9-Octadecenoic acid (oleic fatty acid) content in biofuel on the performance and emission of a compression ignition engine at varying compression ratio

P. Dinesha, K. Jagannath, P. Mohanan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The 9-Octadecenoic acid (oleic fatty acid) content of vegetable oil seeds can be altered by mutagenesis, thereby increasing its content in the oil, for the purpose of increasing shelf life. In this work, the effect of varying the oleic acid content in ester on the performance and emission of a CI engine was examined. For this purpose, the situation was simulated by adding commercially available 9-Octadecenoic acid to pongamia ester; in terms of different percentages, the experiments were conducted with 10% and 20% extra oleic acid, at 16, 17, 17.5 and 18 compression ratio (CR). The results indicate that the smoke emission and BSEC increase with increase in oleic acid content, whereas the BTE and NOx decrease with increased proportions of oleic acid for all CRs. Pongamia methyl ester with 10% extra oleic acid at 17 CR results in lower NOx when compared to neat pongamia methyl ester at a normal CR of 17.5. Smoke emission increases with extra oleic acid content for all CRs; however, it is minimum at 17 CR for 10% extra oleic acid. From the research it is concluded that pongamia methyl ester with 10% extra oleic acid at 17 CR results in better performance and emission.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalBiofuels
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 01-01-2017

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Compression ratio (machinery)
Oleic acid
Biofuels
Fatty acids
biofuel
Ignition
engine
Compaction
fatty acid
compression
Engines
Acids
acid
Esters
ester
Smoke
smoke
effect
Oilseeds
Mutagenesis

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Waste Management and Disposal

Cite this

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title = "Effect of varying 9-Octadecenoic acid (oleic fatty acid) content in biofuel on the performance and emission of a compression ignition engine at varying compression ratio",
abstract = "The 9-Octadecenoic acid (oleic fatty acid) content of vegetable oil seeds can be altered by mutagenesis, thereby increasing its content in the oil, for the purpose of increasing shelf life. In this work, the effect of varying the oleic acid content in ester on the performance and emission of a CI engine was examined. For this purpose, the situation was simulated by adding commercially available 9-Octadecenoic acid to pongamia ester; in terms of different percentages, the experiments were conducted with 10{\%} and 20{\%} extra oleic acid, at 16, 17, 17.5 and 18 compression ratio (CR). The results indicate that the smoke emission and BSEC increase with increase in oleic acid content, whereas the BTE and NOx decrease with increased proportions of oleic acid for all CRs. Pongamia methyl ester with 10{\%} extra oleic acid at 17 CR results in lower NOx when compared to neat pongamia methyl ester at a normal CR of 17.5. Smoke emission increases with extra oleic acid content for all CRs; however, it is minimum at 17 CR for 10{\%} extra oleic acid. From the research it is concluded that pongamia methyl ester with 10{\%} extra oleic acid at 17 CR results in better performance and emission.",
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AU - Jagannath, K.

AU - Mohanan, P.

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N2 - The 9-Octadecenoic acid (oleic fatty acid) content of vegetable oil seeds can be altered by mutagenesis, thereby increasing its content in the oil, for the purpose of increasing shelf life. In this work, the effect of varying the oleic acid content in ester on the performance and emission of a CI engine was examined. For this purpose, the situation was simulated by adding commercially available 9-Octadecenoic acid to pongamia ester; in terms of different percentages, the experiments were conducted with 10% and 20% extra oleic acid, at 16, 17, 17.5 and 18 compression ratio (CR). The results indicate that the smoke emission and BSEC increase with increase in oleic acid content, whereas the BTE and NOx decrease with increased proportions of oleic acid for all CRs. Pongamia methyl ester with 10% extra oleic acid at 17 CR results in lower NOx when compared to neat pongamia methyl ester at a normal CR of 17.5. Smoke emission increases with extra oleic acid content for all CRs; however, it is minimum at 17 CR for 10% extra oleic acid. From the research it is concluded that pongamia methyl ester with 10% extra oleic acid at 17 CR results in better performance and emission.

AB - The 9-Octadecenoic acid (oleic fatty acid) content of vegetable oil seeds can be altered by mutagenesis, thereby increasing its content in the oil, for the purpose of increasing shelf life. In this work, the effect of varying the oleic acid content in ester on the performance and emission of a CI engine was examined. For this purpose, the situation was simulated by adding commercially available 9-Octadecenoic acid to pongamia ester; in terms of different percentages, the experiments were conducted with 10% and 20% extra oleic acid, at 16, 17, 17.5 and 18 compression ratio (CR). The results indicate that the smoke emission and BSEC increase with increase in oleic acid content, whereas the BTE and NOx decrease with increased proportions of oleic acid for all CRs. Pongamia methyl ester with 10% extra oleic acid at 17 CR results in lower NOx when compared to neat pongamia methyl ester at a normal CR of 17.5. Smoke emission increases with extra oleic acid content for all CRs; however, it is minimum at 17 CR for 10% extra oleic acid. From the research it is concluded that pongamia methyl ester with 10% extra oleic acid at 17 CR results in better performance and emission.

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