Effectiveness of a comprehensive educational programme for Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHAs) to identify individuals in the Udupi district with bleeding disorders: A community-based survey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction: The awareness and knowledge on bleeding disorders is generally poor among the rural population. Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHAs) serve as the facilitators between the rural community and the health care system. Training of ASHAs in screening of rural population for early identification of bleeding disorders can enable prompt referral, timely detection and management of bleeding disorders. Aim: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of an ASHA training programme for identification of suspected bleeding disorder cases. Methods: A population-based, cross-sectional survey was implemented by 586 Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHAs) in rural Udupi district, who underwent a structured training programme on identification of bleeding disorders. A survey record book with a screening tool on assessment of bleeding symptoms was given to each ASHA. The screening tool consisted of symptoms related to bleeding disorders and family history of bleeding disorders. Using the screening tool, ASHAs carried out a door-to-door survey. After screening, those who reported with bleeding symptoms were referred by the ASHAs to the investigator, who conducted further assessment. A detailed bleeding history was documented and bleeding symptom assessment was carried out using bleeding assessment tool (BAT) at the haemophilia treatment centre. Further coagulation assessments were carried out as per the treatment centre protocol. This paper highlights the evaluation of an ASHA training programme on identification of individuals with bleeding symptoms in the rural population. Results: A total of 586 trained ASHAs surveyed a population of 318 214 in rural Udupi district. Out of the 124 cases reported by ASHAs, 29 bleeding disorder cases were identified; haemophilia (A and B) was the most commonly found bleeding disorder 22 (75.8%), followed by von Willebrand disease (vWD) 3 (10.3%) and 4 (13.8%) immune-mediated thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP), with an overall prevalence of 2.2/10 000 population. Conclusion: Training ASHA health care workers, who are the most important link between the community and health services, resulted in increased awareness among the public for the early detection of bleeding disorders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)741-746
Number of pages6
JournalHaemophilia
Volume24
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-09-2018

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Hemorrhage
Health
Rural Population
Community Health Services
Symptom Assessment
Surveys and Questionnaires
Hemophilia A
Education
Community Health Planning
Population
Delivery of Health Care
Hemophilia B
Rural Health
von Willebrand Diseases
Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura
Clinical Protocols
Referral and Consultation
Cross-Sectional Studies
Research Personnel

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Hematology
  • Genetics(clinical)

Cite this

@article{063ee63a580a43e58f3e0fa316c37f29,
title = "Effectiveness of a comprehensive educational programme for Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHAs) to identify individuals in the Udupi district with bleeding disorders: A community-based survey",
abstract = "Introduction: The awareness and knowledge on bleeding disorders is generally poor among the rural population. Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHAs) serve as the facilitators between the rural community and the health care system. Training of ASHAs in screening of rural population for early identification of bleeding disorders can enable prompt referral, timely detection and management of bleeding disorders. Aim: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of an ASHA training programme for identification of suspected bleeding disorder cases. Methods: A population-based, cross-sectional survey was implemented by 586 Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHAs) in rural Udupi district, who underwent a structured training programme on identification of bleeding disorders. A survey record book with a screening tool on assessment of bleeding symptoms was given to each ASHA. The screening tool consisted of symptoms related to bleeding disorders and family history of bleeding disorders. Using the screening tool, ASHAs carried out a door-to-door survey. After screening, those who reported with bleeding symptoms were referred by the ASHAs to the investigator, who conducted further assessment. A detailed bleeding history was documented and bleeding symptom assessment was carried out using bleeding assessment tool (BAT) at the haemophilia treatment centre. Further coagulation assessments were carried out as per the treatment centre protocol. This paper highlights the evaluation of an ASHA training programme on identification of individuals with bleeding symptoms in the rural population. Results: A total of 586 trained ASHAs surveyed a population of 318 214 in rural Udupi district. Out of the 124 cases reported by ASHAs, 29 bleeding disorder cases were identified; haemophilia (A and B) was the most commonly found bleeding disorder 22 (75.8{\%}), followed by von Willebrand disease (vWD) 3 (10.3{\%}) and 4 (13.8{\%}) immune-mediated thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP), with an overall prevalence of 2.2/10 000 population. Conclusion: Training ASHA health care workers, who are the most important link between the community and health services, resulted in increased awareness among the public for the early detection of bleeding disorders.",
author = "S. Badagabettu and Nayak, {D. M.} and A. Kurien and Kamath, {V. G.} and A. Kamath and A. George",
year = "2018",
month = "9",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/hae.13567",
language = "English",
volume = "24",
pages = "741--746",
journal = "Haemophilia",
issn = "1351-8216",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "5",

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T1 - Effectiveness of a comprehensive educational programme for Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHAs) to identify individuals in the Udupi district with bleeding disorders

T2 - A community-based survey

AU - Badagabettu, S.

AU - Nayak, D. M.

AU - Kurien, A.

AU - Kamath, V. G.

AU - Kamath, A.

AU - George, A.

PY - 2018/9/1

Y1 - 2018/9/1

N2 - Introduction: The awareness and knowledge on bleeding disorders is generally poor among the rural population. Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHAs) serve as the facilitators between the rural community and the health care system. Training of ASHAs in screening of rural population for early identification of bleeding disorders can enable prompt referral, timely detection and management of bleeding disorders. Aim: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of an ASHA training programme for identification of suspected bleeding disorder cases. Methods: A population-based, cross-sectional survey was implemented by 586 Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHAs) in rural Udupi district, who underwent a structured training programme on identification of bleeding disorders. A survey record book with a screening tool on assessment of bleeding symptoms was given to each ASHA. The screening tool consisted of symptoms related to bleeding disorders and family history of bleeding disorders. Using the screening tool, ASHAs carried out a door-to-door survey. After screening, those who reported with bleeding symptoms were referred by the ASHAs to the investigator, who conducted further assessment. A detailed bleeding history was documented and bleeding symptom assessment was carried out using bleeding assessment tool (BAT) at the haemophilia treatment centre. Further coagulation assessments were carried out as per the treatment centre protocol. This paper highlights the evaluation of an ASHA training programme on identification of individuals with bleeding symptoms in the rural population. Results: A total of 586 trained ASHAs surveyed a population of 318 214 in rural Udupi district. Out of the 124 cases reported by ASHAs, 29 bleeding disorder cases were identified; haemophilia (A and B) was the most commonly found bleeding disorder 22 (75.8%), followed by von Willebrand disease (vWD) 3 (10.3%) and 4 (13.8%) immune-mediated thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP), with an overall prevalence of 2.2/10 000 population. Conclusion: Training ASHA health care workers, who are the most important link between the community and health services, resulted in increased awareness among the public for the early detection of bleeding disorders.

AB - Introduction: The awareness and knowledge on bleeding disorders is generally poor among the rural population. Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHAs) serve as the facilitators between the rural community and the health care system. Training of ASHAs in screening of rural population for early identification of bleeding disorders can enable prompt referral, timely detection and management of bleeding disorders. Aim: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of an ASHA training programme for identification of suspected bleeding disorder cases. Methods: A population-based, cross-sectional survey was implemented by 586 Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHAs) in rural Udupi district, who underwent a structured training programme on identification of bleeding disorders. A survey record book with a screening tool on assessment of bleeding symptoms was given to each ASHA. The screening tool consisted of symptoms related to bleeding disorders and family history of bleeding disorders. Using the screening tool, ASHAs carried out a door-to-door survey. After screening, those who reported with bleeding symptoms were referred by the ASHAs to the investigator, who conducted further assessment. A detailed bleeding history was documented and bleeding symptom assessment was carried out using bleeding assessment tool (BAT) at the haemophilia treatment centre. Further coagulation assessments were carried out as per the treatment centre protocol. This paper highlights the evaluation of an ASHA training programme on identification of individuals with bleeding symptoms in the rural population. Results: A total of 586 trained ASHAs surveyed a population of 318 214 in rural Udupi district. Out of the 124 cases reported by ASHAs, 29 bleeding disorder cases were identified; haemophilia (A and B) was the most commonly found bleeding disorder 22 (75.8%), followed by von Willebrand disease (vWD) 3 (10.3%) and 4 (13.8%) immune-mediated thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP), with an overall prevalence of 2.2/10 000 population. Conclusion: Training ASHA health care workers, who are the most important link between the community and health services, resulted in increased awareness among the public for the early detection of bleeding disorders.

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