Effectiveness of self-management applications in improving clinical health outcomes and adherence among diabetic individuals in low and middle-income countries: a systematic review

Sherize Merlin Dsouza, Sahana Shetty, Julien Venne, Prachi Pundir, Priyobrat Rajkhowa, Melissa Glenda Lewis, Helmut Brand

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: A variety of mobile health (mHealth) applications are available to monitor an individual's health or lifestyle to make it convenient to access healthcare facilities at home. The usability of mHealth applications in controlling HbA1c (estimated average blood glucose) levels is unclear despite their increasing use. The burden of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is high in low and middle-income countries (LMICs), with the highest burden in the Indian population. Our objective is to identify the effectiveness of mHealth applications in managing blood glucose levels of individuals with T2DM and to assess the impact of using mHealth applications in managing T2DM concerning health-promoting behaviour among the LMICs in the context of India. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The electronic databases included for search are PubMed, Ovid Medline, EBSCO, CINAHL, Scopus, Web of Science and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials; additional sources of the search will be grey literature available on diabetes management websites and reference lists of included studies. Studies published in the English language in indexed and peer-reviewed sources will be considered. Studies reporting the effectiveness of mobile applications in the management of T2D in LMICs will be eligible for inclusion. The Population-Intervention-Comparison-Outcomes framework and the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses statement 2021 will be used for reporting. Data analysis will be carried out using narrative synthesis, and a meta-analysis may be conducted if we come across homogenous data for the outcome. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: As this study is a systematic review, we will not be recruiting any participants for the study and hence will not require ethical approval. The study summary will be disseminated at a conference. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42021245517.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere060108
Pages (from-to)e060108
JournalBMJ Open
Volume12
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15-11-2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

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