Effects of aerobic exercise on vibration perception threshold in type 2 diabetic peripheral neuropathy population using 3-sites method

Single-blind randomized controlled trial

Snehil Dixit, Arun Maiya, Barkur A. Shastry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives • The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of 8 wk of moderate intensity aerobic exercise on vibration perception threshold (VPT) in type 2 diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN). Methods • Single blind parallel group randomized controlled trial was done in a tertiary center. Stratified block randomization was used for selecting participants. A total of 87 individuals participated in the study. After final randomization, there were only 47 individuals in the control group and 37 in the study group. The exercise group training was carried out in the range of 40% to 60% of heart rate reserve as an adjunct to this rating of perceived exertion (scale ranging from 6 to 20) before, during, and postexercise. For the control group, standard medical care, education for foot care, and diet (same as the experimental group) were given. Both the groups were assessed at baseline and wk 8. Results • On comparison of results for control and study group using repeated measures of analysis of variance for VPT measures for 3 sites (great toe, medial malleoli, first metatarsal phalanx), there was a significant difference between the 2 groups (df1, df2 = 1,63; F = 8.56; P < .001) for both lower limbs. Conclusions Aerobic exercises have an augmentative effect on vibratory sensations of the peripheral nerves, which implicates an attenuating effect on DPN in type 2 diabetes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)36-41
Number of pages6
JournalAlternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
Volume25
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 01-03-2019

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Single-Blind Method
Diabetic Neuropathies
Peripheral Nervous System Diseases
Vibration
Randomized Controlled Trials
Exercise
Random Allocation
Control Groups
Hallux
Population
Metatarsal Bones
Medical Education
Peripheral Nerves
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Foot
Lower Extremity
Analysis of Variance
Heart Rate
Diet

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Complementary and alternative medicine

Cite this

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title = "Effects of aerobic exercise on vibration perception threshold in type 2 diabetic peripheral neuropathy population using 3-sites method: Single-blind randomized controlled trial",
abstract = "Objectives • The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of 8 wk of moderate intensity aerobic exercise on vibration perception threshold (VPT) in type 2 diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN). Methods • Single blind parallel group randomized controlled trial was done in a tertiary center. Stratified block randomization was used for selecting participants. A total of 87 individuals participated in the study. After final randomization, there were only 47 individuals in the control group and 37 in the study group. The exercise group training was carried out in the range of 40{\%} to 60{\%} of heart rate reserve as an adjunct to this rating of perceived exertion (scale ranging from 6 to 20) before, during, and postexercise. For the control group, standard medical care, education for foot care, and diet (same as the experimental group) were given. Both the groups were assessed at baseline and wk 8. Results • On comparison of results for control and study group using repeated measures of analysis of variance for VPT measures for 3 sites (great toe, medial malleoli, first metatarsal phalanx), there was a significant difference between the 2 groups (df1, df2 = 1,63; F = 8.56; P < .001) for both lower limbs. Conclusions Aerobic exercises have an augmentative effect on vibratory sensations of the peripheral nerves, which implicates an attenuating effect on DPN in type 2 diabetes.",
author = "Snehil Dixit and Arun Maiya and Shastry, {Barkur A.}",
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N2 - Objectives • The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of 8 wk of moderate intensity aerobic exercise on vibration perception threshold (VPT) in type 2 diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN). Methods • Single blind parallel group randomized controlled trial was done in a tertiary center. Stratified block randomization was used for selecting participants. A total of 87 individuals participated in the study. After final randomization, there were only 47 individuals in the control group and 37 in the study group. The exercise group training was carried out in the range of 40% to 60% of heart rate reserve as an adjunct to this rating of perceived exertion (scale ranging from 6 to 20) before, during, and postexercise. For the control group, standard medical care, education for foot care, and diet (same as the experimental group) were given. Both the groups were assessed at baseline and wk 8. Results • On comparison of results for control and study group using repeated measures of analysis of variance for VPT measures for 3 sites (great toe, medial malleoli, first metatarsal phalanx), there was a significant difference between the 2 groups (df1, df2 = 1,63; F = 8.56; P < .001) for both lower limbs. Conclusions Aerobic exercises have an augmentative effect on vibratory sensations of the peripheral nerves, which implicates an attenuating effect on DPN in type 2 diabetes.

AB - Objectives • The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of 8 wk of moderate intensity aerobic exercise on vibration perception threshold (VPT) in type 2 diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN). Methods • Single blind parallel group randomized controlled trial was done in a tertiary center. Stratified block randomization was used for selecting participants. A total of 87 individuals participated in the study. After final randomization, there were only 47 individuals in the control group and 37 in the study group. The exercise group training was carried out in the range of 40% to 60% of heart rate reserve as an adjunct to this rating of perceived exertion (scale ranging from 6 to 20) before, during, and postexercise. For the control group, standard medical care, education for foot care, and diet (same as the experimental group) were given. Both the groups were assessed at baseline and wk 8. Results • On comparison of results for control and study group using repeated measures of analysis of variance for VPT measures for 3 sites (great toe, medial malleoli, first metatarsal phalanx), there was a significant difference between the 2 groups (df1, df2 = 1,63; F = 8.56; P < .001) for both lower limbs. Conclusions Aerobic exercises have an augmentative effect on vibratory sensations of the peripheral nerves, which implicates an attenuating effect on DPN in type 2 diabetes.

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