This study examined whether arginine-vasopressin (A-VP), given before the test would produce an improved retrieval of aversive memory, in the same way as pre-exposure to inescapable footshocks, in rats. For this purpose animals conditioned in a T-maze with appetitive (10% sucrose) and aversive (2.0 mA footshock) events were administered (intracerebroventricular) a single dose of 2.5, 5, 10 or 20 ng/rat of A-VP, 20-min before testing. In the retention test conducted with the same training apparatus 72 h after conditioning, the peptide treated rats showed a dose-dependent increase in latencies to enter the previously shocked goalarm, with the absence of such a difference in responding to the non-shocked goalarm. This differential response was not observed in saline treated rats. This effect of peptide on memory retrieval was similar to that seen following inescapable footshock in rats. These results suggest the possible involvement of central vasopressinergic mechanisms in the differential enhancement of memory of helplessness condition.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Clinical Neurology
- Developmental Biology