Effects of cigarette smoking on lipid peroxidation and antioxidant status in cancer patients from Western Nepal

T. Nagamma, K. Anjaneyulu, J. Baxi, P. Dayaram, P. P. Singh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: There is growing evidence that oxidative stress (OS) has a causal relationship with cancer and a weak antioxidant defense can aggravate it further. We therefore, undertook this study to examine lipid peroxidation (TBARS), total antioxidant activity (TAA), ascorbic acid (vitamin C) and α-tocopherol levels in cancer patients, with special attention to the influence of smoking. Methods: The study subjects were 42 patients (61.19±10.1yrs) suffering from cancer and 43 normal subjects (NS) (56.69±19.1yrs). Plasma levels of TBARS, TAA, vitamin C and α-tocopherol were estimated. Results: TAA and α-tocopherol levels were significantly lower and TBARS levels significantly higher in cancer patients when compared to NS. In smoking cancer patient's α-tocopherol levels were significantly low and TBARS significantly raised. Conclusion: Our observations indicate that increased lipid peroxidation, reduced total antioxidant activity and α-tocopherol levels are associated with cancer development, with and without smoking. However, a greater reduction of TAA in smokers may be due to increased oxidants introduced by smoking.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)313-316
Number of pages4
JournalAsian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
Volume12
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-2011

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Nepal
Tocopherols
Lipid Peroxidation
Antioxidants
Smoking
Ascorbic Acid
Neoplasms
Oxidants
Oxidative Stress

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Epidemiology
  • Oncology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Cancer Research

Cite this

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abstract = "Objectives: There is growing evidence that oxidative stress (OS) has a causal relationship with cancer and a weak antioxidant defense can aggravate it further. We therefore, undertook this study to examine lipid peroxidation (TBARS), total antioxidant activity (TAA), ascorbic acid (vitamin C) and α-tocopherol levels in cancer patients, with special attention to the influence of smoking. Methods: The study subjects were 42 patients (61.19±10.1yrs) suffering from cancer and 43 normal subjects (NS) (56.69±19.1yrs). Plasma levels of TBARS, TAA, vitamin C and α-tocopherol were estimated. Results: TAA and α-tocopherol levels were significantly lower and TBARS levels significantly higher in cancer patients when compared to NS. In smoking cancer patient's α-tocopherol levels were significantly low and TBARS significantly raised. Conclusion: Our observations indicate that increased lipid peroxidation, reduced total antioxidant activity and α-tocopherol levels are associated with cancer development, with and without smoking. However, a greater reduction of TAA in smokers may be due to increased oxidants introduced by smoking.",
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Effects of cigarette smoking on lipid peroxidation and antioxidant status in cancer patients from Western Nepal. / Nagamma, T.; Anjaneyulu, K.; Baxi, J.; Dayaram, P.; Singh, P. P.

In: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention, Vol. 12, No. 1, 01.01.2011, p. 313-316.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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