The aim was to compare the effect of diaphragmatic breathing exercise (DBE), flow- (FIS) and volume-oriented incentive spirometry (VIS) on pulmonary function- (PFT), functional capacity-6-Minute Walk Test (6 MWT) and Functional Difficulties Questionnaire (FDQ) in subjects undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Graft surgery (CABG). The purpose of incorporating pulmonary ventilator regimes is to improve ventilation and avoid post-operative pulmonary complications. CABG patients (n = 72) were allocated to FIS, VIS and DBE groups (n = 24 each) by block randomization. Preoperative and postoperative values for PFT were taken until day 7 for all three groups. On 7th postoperative day, 6 MWT and FDQ was analyzed using ANOVA and post-hoc analysis. PFT values were found to be decreased on postoperative day 1(Forced Vital Capacity (FVC) = FIS group—65%, VIS group—47%, DBE group—68%) compared to preoperative day (p < 0.001). PFT values for all 3 groups recovered until postoperative day 7 (FVC = FIS group—67%, VIS group—95%, DBE group—59%) but was found to reach the baseline in VIS group (p < 0.001). When compared between 3 groups, statistically significant improvement was observed in VIS group (p < 0.001) in 6 MWT and FDQ assessment. In conclusion, VIS was proven to be more beneficial in improving the pulmonary function (FVC), functional capacity and FDQ when compared to FIS and DBE.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes