Emerging opportunistic protozoa and intestinal pathogenic protozoal infestation profile in children of western Nepal.

Joshy Maducolil Easow, Chiranjay Mukhopadhyay, Godwin Wilson, Simantee Guha, Basavaraj Yogitha Jalan, Padavagadu Ganapati Shivananda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Intestinal parasitic infestation continues to be of public health importance in many tropical and subtropical countries for their high prevalence and effects on the morbidity in the population. This 5-year hospital-based retrospective analysis was aimed to find out the intestinal protozoal parasitic profile in 1790 pre-school and school-going children visiting the hospital with gastrointestinal illness. Giardia lamblia was the most prevalent pathogenic protozoan intestinal parasite (73.4%), followed by Entamoeba histolytica (24.4%). Interestingly, "newer" opportunistic pathogens like Cyclospora cayetanensis (1.0%) and Cryptosporidium sp. (1.0%) were detected from immunocompromised children below 2 years of age as a result of vertical transmission, which is alarming for a country like Nepal at the stage of 'concentrated epidemic' of HIV infection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)134-137
Number of pages4
JournalNepal Medical College journal : NMCJ
Volume7
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-2005

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

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