A theoretical model of exergy balance based on availability transfer and flow availability in the process of spray combustion in a gas turbine combustor has been developed to evaluate the total thermodynamic irreversibility and second law efficiency of the process at various operating conditions, for fuels with different volatilities. The velocity, temperature and concentration fields in the combustor, required for the evaluation of the flow availabilities and process irreversibilities, have been computed numerically from a two phase separated flow model of spray combustion. The total thermodynamic irreversibility in the process of spray combustion has been determined from the difference in the flow availability at inlet and outlet of the combustor. The irreversibility caused by the gas phase processes in the combustor has been obtained from the entropy transport equation, while that due to the inter-phase transport processes has been obtained as a difference of gas phase irreversibilities from the total irreversibility. A comparative picture of the variations of combustion efficiency and second law efficiency at different operating conditions for fuels with different volatilities has been made to throw light on the trade off between the effectiveness of combustion and the lost work in the process of spray combustion in a gas turbine combustor.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering