Enhanced accumulation of triterpenoids and flavonoids in cell suspension cultures of Azadirachta indica (A. Juss.) with an extended stationary phase

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Abstract

Accumulation of three triterpenoids (azadirachtin-A, nimbin and salannin) and two flavonoids (quercetin and kaempferol) was analyzed in cell suspension cultures of Azadirachta indica A. Juss. By feeding cells with a sterile solution of sucrose, it was possible to sustain viability of cells in batch cultures without subculturing for 60 d. Such long-term cell suspension cultures exhibited an extended steady stationary phase which facilitated enhanced accumulation of azadirachtin-A, nimbin, salannin, quercetin and kaempferol. 40% of the cells were viable towards the end of 60 d of incubation. Maintaining cells for longer time under stationary phase facilitated transformation of cells from low productivity to high productivity. The cells in stationary phase could serve as a starting material for the selection of elite cell lines and for bioreactor cultures for large-scale production of these compounds.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)270-272
Number of pages3
JournalIndian Journal of Biotechnology
Volume7
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 04-2008

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Azadirachta
Flavonoids
Azadirachta indica
triterpenoids
cell suspension culture
Suspensions
flavonoids
Cell Culture Techniques
Quercetin
Cells
Cell culture
Productivity
azadirachtin
kaempferol
quercetin
Sugar (sucrose)
cells
Bioreactors
Sucrose
Phase transitions

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Plant Science

Cite this

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abstract = "Accumulation of three triterpenoids (azadirachtin-A, nimbin and salannin) and two flavonoids (quercetin and kaempferol) was analyzed in cell suspension cultures of Azadirachta indica A. Juss. By feeding cells with a sterile solution of sucrose, it was possible to sustain viability of cells in batch cultures without subculturing for 60 d. Such long-term cell suspension cultures exhibited an extended steady stationary phase which facilitated enhanced accumulation of azadirachtin-A, nimbin, salannin, quercetin and kaempferol. 40{\%} of the cells were viable towards the end of 60 d of incubation. Maintaining cells for longer time under stationary phase facilitated transformation of cells from low productivity to high productivity. The cells in stationary phase could serve as a starting material for the selection of elite cell lines and for bioreactor cultures for large-scale production of these compounds.",
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T1 - Enhanced accumulation of triterpenoids and flavonoids in cell suspension cultures of Azadirachta indica (A. Juss.) with an extended stationary phase

AU - Babu, Vidhu Sankar

AU - Narasimhan, S.

AU - Nair, G. M.

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N2 - Accumulation of three triterpenoids (azadirachtin-A, nimbin and salannin) and two flavonoids (quercetin and kaempferol) was analyzed in cell suspension cultures of Azadirachta indica A. Juss. By feeding cells with a sterile solution of sucrose, it was possible to sustain viability of cells in batch cultures without subculturing for 60 d. Such long-term cell suspension cultures exhibited an extended steady stationary phase which facilitated enhanced accumulation of azadirachtin-A, nimbin, salannin, quercetin and kaempferol. 40% of the cells were viable towards the end of 60 d of incubation. Maintaining cells for longer time under stationary phase facilitated transformation of cells from low productivity to high productivity. The cells in stationary phase could serve as a starting material for the selection of elite cell lines and for bioreactor cultures for large-scale production of these compounds.

AB - Accumulation of three triterpenoids (azadirachtin-A, nimbin and salannin) and two flavonoids (quercetin and kaempferol) was analyzed in cell suspension cultures of Azadirachta indica A. Juss. By feeding cells with a sterile solution of sucrose, it was possible to sustain viability of cells in batch cultures without subculturing for 60 d. Such long-term cell suspension cultures exhibited an extended steady stationary phase which facilitated enhanced accumulation of azadirachtin-A, nimbin, salannin, quercetin and kaempferol. 40% of the cells were viable towards the end of 60 d of incubation. Maintaining cells for longer time under stationary phase facilitated transformation of cells from low productivity to high productivity. The cells in stationary phase could serve as a starting material for the selection of elite cell lines and for bioreactor cultures for large-scale production of these compounds.

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