Environmental lead levels in a coastal city of India

The lead burden continues

Prashant Vishwanath, Devananda Devegowda, Akila Prashant, Narendra Nayak, Vivian D'Souza, Thuppil Venkatesh, Clark Scott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Urbanization, rapid industrialization, increased vehicular traffic, and consequent increase in the use of petroleum fuels in India are constantly emitting lead along with other pollutants into the environment. Apart from atmospheric lead, this element is the most widely used in everyday life. Although infants and children are the most susceptible to the effects of lead, adults are also affected to varying degrees and it had ranked as one of the most serious environmental threats to human health. Hence, we must understand the benefits of preventing lead exposure as it reduces treatment costs, increases productivity in industry, and also reduces infant mortality. These are good enough reasons for a nation wide program to prevent lead poisoning. Objectives: In the view of elevated blood lead levels (BLL) in majority of the school children in the city of Mangalore, we aimed to identify the potential sources of lead in the environment which would have probably caused the elevated BLL. Materials and Methods: More than 600 readings were taken throughout the city of Mangalore using X-ray fluorimeter. Results: Our results showed that there were elevated levels of lead in the environment surrounding the battery repair shops, battery recyclers, automotive workshops, and tyre retreaders, but interestingly, the soil around the petrol bunks did not show elevated levels of lead. Among the paints, the yellow paint showed high levels of lead. Conclusion: Similar surveys would be useful elsewhere in India and in other developing countries in order to identify the potential sources of lead and to prevent lead poisoning.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)260-266
Number of pages7
JournalIndian Journal of Medical Sciences
Volume66
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-2012
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

India
Lead Poisoning
Paint
Lead
Urbanization
Petroleum
Infant Mortality
Health Care Costs
Developing Countries
Reading
Industry
Soil
X-Rays
Education
Health

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Vishwanath, P., Devegowda, D., Prashant, A., Nayak, N., D'Souza, V., Venkatesh, T., & Scott, C. (2012). Environmental lead levels in a coastal city of India: The lead burden continues. Indian Journal of Medical Sciences, 66(11), 260-266. https://doi.org/10.4103/0019-5359.115737
Vishwanath, Prashant ; Devegowda, Devananda ; Prashant, Akila ; Nayak, Narendra ; D'Souza, Vivian ; Venkatesh, Thuppil ; Scott, Clark. / Environmental lead levels in a coastal city of India : The lead burden continues. In: Indian Journal of Medical Sciences. 2012 ; Vol. 66, No. 11. pp. 260-266.
@article{3aa1b9751463479585452ddd54c459a2,
title = "Environmental lead levels in a coastal city of India: The lead burden continues",
abstract = "Background: Urbanization, rapid industrialization, increased vehicular traffic, and consequent increase in the use of petroleum fuels in India are constantly emitting lead along with other pollutants into the environment. Apart from atmospheric lead, this element is the most widely used in everyday life. Although infants and children are the most susceptible to the effects of lead, adults are also affected to varying degrees and it had ranked as one of the most serious environmental threats to human health. Hence, we must understand the benefits of preventing lead exposure as it reduces treatment costs, increases productivity in industry, and also reduces infant mortality. These are good enough reasons for a nation wide program to prevent lead poisoning. Objectives: In the view of elevated blood lead levels (BLL) in majority of the school children in the city of Mangalore, we aimed to identify the potential sources of lead in the environment which would have probably caused the elevated BLL. Materials and Methods: More than 600 readings were taken throughout the city of Mangalore using X-ray fluorimeter. Results: Our results showed that there were elevated levels of lead in the environment surrounding the battery repair shops, battery recyclers, automotive workshops, and tyre retreaders, but interestingly, the soil around the petrol bunks did not show elevated levels of lead. Among the paints, the yellow paint showed high levels of lead. Conclusion: Similar surveys would be useful elsewhere in India and in other developing countries in order to identify the potential sources of lead and to prevent lead poisoning.",
author = "Prashant Vishwanath and Devananda Devegowda and Akila Prashant and Narendra Nayak and Vivian D'Souza and Thuppil Venkatesh and Clark Scott",
year = "2012",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.4103/0019-5359.115737",
language = "English",
volume = "66",
pages = "260--266",
journal = "Indian Journal of Medical Sciences",
issn = "0019-5359",
publisher = "Medknow Publications and Media Pvt. Ltd",
number = "11",

}

Vishwanath, P, Devegowda, D, Prashant, A, Nayak, N, D'Souza, V, Venkatesh, T & Scott, C 2012, 'Environmental lead levels in a coastal city of India: The lead burden continues', Indian Journal of Medical Sciences, vol. 66, no. 11, pp. 260-266. https://doi.org/10.4103/0019-5359.115737

Environmental lead levels in a coastal city of India : The lead burden continues. / Vishwanath, Prashant; Devegowda, Devananda; Prashant, Akila; Nayak, Narendra; D'Souza, Vivian; Venkatesh, Thuppil; Scott, Clark.

In: Indian Journal of Medical Sciences, Vol. 66, No. 11, 01.01.2012, p. 260-266.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Environmental lead levels in a coastal city of India

T2 - The lead burden continues

AU - Vishwanath, Prashant

AU - Devegowda, Devananda

AU - Prashant, Akila

AU - Nayak, Narendra

AU - D'Souza, Vivian

AU - Venkatesh, Thuppil

AU - Scott, Clark

PY - 2012/1/1

Y1 - 2012/1/1

N2 - Background: Urbanization, rapid industrialization, increased vehicular traffic, and consequent increase in the use of petroleum fuels in India are constantly emitting lead along with other pollutants into the environment. Apart from atmospheric lead, this element is the most widely used in everyday life. Although infants and children are the most susceptible to the effects of lead, adults are also affected to varying degrees and it had ranked as one of the most serious environmental threats to human health. Hence, we must understand the benefits of preventing lead exposure as it reduces treatment costs, increases productivity in industry, and also reduces infant mortality. These are good enough reasons for a nation wide program to prevent lead poisoning. Objectives: In the view of elevated blood lead levels (BLL) in majority of the school children in the city of Mangalore, we aimed to identify the potential sources of lead in the environment which would have probably caused the elevated BLL. Materials and Methods: More than 600 readings were taken throughout the city of Mangalore using X-ray fluorimeter. Results: Our results showed that there were elevated levels of lead in the environment surrounding the battery repair shops, battery recyclers, automotive workshops, and tyre retreaders, but interestingly, the soil around the petrol bunks did not show elevated levels of lead. Among the paints, the yellow paint showed high levels of lead. Conclusion: Similar surveys would be useful elsewhere in India and in other developing countries in order to identify the potential sources of lead and to prevent lead poisoning.

AB - Background: Urbanization, rapid industrialization, increased vehicular traffic, and consequent increase in the use of petroleum fuels in India are constantly emitting lead along with other pollutants into the environment. Apart from atmospheric lead, this element is the most widely used in everyday life. Although infants and children are the most susceptible to the effects of lead, adults are also affected to varying degrees and it had ranked as one of the most serious environmental threats to human health. Hence, we must understand the benefits of preventing lead exposure as it reduces treatment costs, increases productivity in industry, and also reduces infant mortality. These are good enough reasons for a nation wide program to prevent lead poisoning. Objectives: In the view of elevated blood lead levels (BLL) in majority of the school children in the city of Mangalore, we aimed to identify the potential sources of lead in the environment which would have probably caused the elevated BLL. Materials and Methods: More than 600 readings were taken throughout the city of Mangalore using X-ray fluorimeter. Results: Our results showed that there were elevated levels of lead in the environment surrounding the battery repair shops, battery recyclers, automotive workshops, and tyre retreaders, but interestingly, the soil around the petrol bunks did not show elevated levels of lead. Among the paints, the yellow paint showed high levels of lead. Conclusion: Similar surveys would be useful elsewhere in India and in other developing countries in order to identify the potential sources of lead and to prevent lead poisoning.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84881107233&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84881107233&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.4103/0019-5359.115737

DO - 10.4103/0019-5359.115737

M3 - Article

VL - 66

SP - 260

EP - 266

JO - Indian Journal of Medical Sciences

JF - Indian Journal of Medical Sciences

SN - 0019-5359

IS - 11

ER -

Vishwanath P, Devegowda D, Prashant A, Nayak N, D'Souza V, Venkatesh T et al. Environmental lead levels in a coastal city of India: The lead burden continues. Indian Journal of Medical Sciences. 2012 Jan 1;66(11):260-266. https://doi.org/10.4103/0019-5359.115737