Epidemiological pattern of head injuries in road traffic accident victims presenting to a tertiary care hospital in South India

Shilpa Pateria, Rajesh Kamath, Vikram Palimar, L. K. Harshith, Biju Soman, Vishnu Sagar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: In 2017, Karnataka registered 10,609 deaths due to Road Traffic Accidents (RTAs). Among all injuries, head and especially brain injuries were responsible for significant mortality and morbidity. RTAs account for a significant proportion of brain injuries. Materials and Methods: Of 1035 cases of head injuries visiting the trauma center of a tertiary care teaching hospital in south India, 650 head injuries were attributable to RTAs during the period between August 1, 2017 to July 31, 2018. Retrospective data was obtained from patient records taken from the medical records. After obtaining ethical approval, the records were analyzed in terms of age group variables, sex, time, day, season, accident event, means of transport, the practice of protective devices usage such as a helmet for 2 wheeler RTA victims and safety belt for 4 wheeler RTA victims, insurance status, type of head injury: external or internal and diagnosis. Results: The incidence of RTAs was higher in males (77.3%), younger age group: 20 to 30 years (30.15%), drivers (48.31%), rainy season (40%), afternoon hours (38%) and weekdays (69.23%). Usage of protective devices was low (13.54%).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4469-4475
Number of pages7
JournalIndian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology
Volume14
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-10-2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Toxicology
  • Law
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Epidemiological pattern of head injuries in road traffic accident victims presenting to a tertiary care hospital in South India'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this