Epidemiological trends in patients living with human immunodeficiency virus: A 13-year experience from a tertiary care center in India

Nitin Gupta, Vettakkara Kandy Muhammed Niyas, Neeraj Nischal, Manish Soneja, Kutty Sharada Vinod, Sanjay Ranjan, Prayas Sethi, Pankaj Jorwal, Ashutosh Biswas, Naveet Wig, Rita Sood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

With significant advancement in the tools and strategies available for diagnosis and management, there is an expected change in the epidemiological profile of patients living with HIV/AIDS (Human immunodeficiency syndrome/Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). We retrospectively analyzed the changing epidemiological pattern of HIV infection over a period of 13 years in the anti-retroviral (ART) center of a tertiary care hospital in India. The study included a total of 9419 patients (8811 adults and 608 children) who were registered at our ART center between 2005 and 2017. Among adult patients, 68.9% patients were males and the mean age of presentation was 35.6±9.9 years. Heterosexual route was the most common route of transmission (95.5%). A total of 97.4% of pediatric patients acquired HIV infection via vertical transmission from their mothers. Most of the adult patients (77.1%) were educated only to primary level. Despite the economic growth in the country over the years, the monthly income of these patients has not significantly changed. The median CD4 count at the time of eligibility for starting ART was 244/ml of blood. An increasing trend in the baseline CD4 count was noticed from 2005 to 2017. Also, improved outcomes with less loss to follow up were noticed in the latter years. However, an increasing trend was also noted in the time gap between registration at the ART center and initiation of ART. Improvement in the baseline CD4 count and better treatment outcomes are indicators of a well-functioning national program. However, continued programmatic interventions are needed to further tackle the menace of HIV/AIDS in India.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)308-315
Number of pages8
JournalInfezioni in Medicina
Volume27
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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    Gupta, N., Niyas, V. K. M., Nischal, N., Soneja, M., Vinod, K. S., Ranjan, S., Sethi, P., Jorwal, P., Biswas, A., Wig, N., & Sood, R. (2019). Epidemiological trends in patients living with human immunodeficiency virus: A 13-year experience from a tertiary care center in India. Infezioni in Medicina, 27(3), 308-315.