Pathophysiology of Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax in malaria vis a vis host and the parasite genome interactions has been deciphered recently to present the biology of cerebral malaria, severe anaemia and placental malaria. Small non-coding RNAs have exhibited their potential to be considered as indicators and regulators of diseases. The malarial pathologies and their associated mechanisms mediated by miRNAs and their role in haematopoiesis and red cell-related disorders are elucidated. Evidence of miRNA carrying exosome-like vesicles released during infection, delivering signals to endothelial cells enhancing gene expression, resulting in parasite sequestration and complications leading to pathologies of cerebral malaria are important breakthroughs. Pregnancy malaria showed Plasmodium surface antigen promoted erythrocyte sequestration in the placental intervillous space, provoking disease development and assorted complications. Syncytiotrophoblast-derived microparticles during pregnancy and fetus development may predict pathophysiological progression on account of their altered miRNA cargoes in malaria.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
- Molecular Biology
- Microbiology (medical)
- Infectious Diseases