Estimation of age and sex using chest radiograph – An useful tool in identification

Tarun Agarwal, B. Suresh Kumar Shetty, Archith Boloor, P. P. Jagadish Rao, H. Pavanchand Shetty, M. S. Kotian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: - Age estimation among the living subjects is an important parameter in past, present and future Due to more and more immigrants’ entering the borders illegally these have become even more important and necessity to avoid any legal problems. The existing laws as per IPC [Indian Penal code], prevent employment of children below 14yrs in any type of work and is considered as an offence as per Factories Act, 1948. If there is a wrongful assessment of age estimation of an individual it creates a confusion in the justice system and also adds to the burden on the resources. The legal authorities often find themselves in a dilemma when an estimation of age is done and hence a thorough knowledge of this among the experts will definitely help the existing legal system in a long way. Method:- A prospective study involving 160 radiographs including both male and female of varied age group were taken and evaluated for several parameters statistically. Results:- Regression analysis showed 80% correlation between the predicted age and actual age. First cartilage ossification (FCO), Cartilage mineralization and bone demineralization were the strongest factors. Gender prediction was better for males compared to females in the study population. Conclusions:- An accessible, time saving and cost effective method has been tried in the present study. Though there are some limitations, the study reveals that data obtained from radiograph is useful as an indicator for estimation of age of a person.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)141-144
Number of pages4
JournalIndian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology
Volume12
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-04-2018

Fingerprint

Cartilage
Thorax
Physiologic Calcification
Social Justice
Osteogenesis
Age Groups
Regression Analysis
Prospective Studies
Costs and Cost Analysis
Regression analysis
Population
penal code
Industrial plants
Bone
factory
legal system
age group
regression analysis
justice
immigrant

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Toxicology
  • Law
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

Agarwal, Tarun ; Suresh Kumar Shetty, B. ; Boloor, Archith ; Jagadish Rao, P. P. ; Pavanchand Shetty, H. ; Kotian, M. S. / Estimation of age and sex using chest radiograph – An useful tool in identification. In: Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology. 2018 ; Vol. 12, No. 2. pp. 141-144.
@article{de3dacffcfcb464fbb68aa9ea1e99f62,
title = "Estimation of age and sex using chest radiograph – An useful tool in identification",
abstract = "Background: - Age estimation among the living subjects is an important parameter in past, present and future Due to more and more immigrants’ entering the borders illegally these have become even more important and necessity to avoid any legal problems. The existing laws as per IPC [Indian Penal code], prevent employment of children below 14yrs in any type of work and is considered as an offence as per Factories Act, 1948. If there is a wrongful assessment of age estimation of an individual it creates a confusion in the justice system and also adds to the burden on the resources. The legal authorities often find themselves in a dilemma when an estimation of age is done and hence a thorough knowledge of this among the experts will definitely help the existing legal system in a long way. Method:- A prospective study involving 160 radiographs including both male and female of varied age group were taken and evaluated for several parameters statistically. Results:- Regression analysis showed 80{\%} correlation between the predicted age and actual age. First cartilage ossification (FCO), Cartilage mineralization and bone demineralization were the strongest factors. Gender prediction was better for males compared to females in the study population. Conclusions:- An accessible, time saving and cost effective method has been tried in the present study. Though there are some limitations, the study reveals that data obtained from radiograph is useful as an indicator for estimation of age of a person.",
author = "Tarun Agarwal and {Suresh Kumar Shetty}, B. and Archith Boloor and {Jagadish Rao}, {P. P.} and {Pavanchand Shetty}, H. and Kotian, {M. S.}",
year = "2018",
month = "4",
day = "1",
doi = "10.5958/0973-9130.2018.00091.9",
language = "English",
volume = "12",
pages = "141--144",
journal = "Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology",
issn = "0973-9122",
publisher = "Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology",
number = "2",

}

Estimation of age and sex using chest radiograph – An useful tool in identification. / Agarwal, Tarun; Suresh Kumar Shetty, B.; Boloor, Archith; Jagadish Rao, P. P.; Pavanchand Shetty, H.; Kotian, M. S.

In: Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Vol. 12, No. 2, 01.04.2018, p. 141-144.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Estimation of age and sex using chest radiograph – An useful tool in identification

AU - Agarwal, Tarun

AU - Suresh Kumar Shetty, B.

AU - Boloor, Archith

AU - Jagadish Rao, P. P.

AU - Pavanchand Shetty, H.

AU - Kotian, M. S.

PY - 2018/4/1

Y1 - 2018/4/1

N2 - Background: - Age estimation among the living subjects is an important parameter in past, present and future Due to more and more immigrants’ entering the borders illegally these have become even more important and necessity to avoid any legal problems. The existing laws as per IPC [Indian Penal code], prevent employment of children below 14yrs in any type of work and is considered as an offence as per Factories Act, 1948. If there is a wrongful assessment of age estimation of an individual it creates a confusion in the justice system and also adds to the burden on the resources. The legal authorities often find themselves in a dilemma when an estimation of age is done and hence a thorough knowledge of this among the experts will definitely help the existing legal system in a long way. Method:- A prospective study involving 160 radiographs including both male and female of varied age group were taken and evaluated for several parameters statistically. Results:- Regression analysis showed 80% correlation between the predicted age and actual age. First cartilage ossification (FCO), Cartilage mineralization and bone demineralization were the strongest factors. Gender prediction was better for males compared to females in the study population. Conclusions:- An accessible, time saving and cost effective method has been tried in the present study. Though there are some limitations, the study reveals that data obtained from radiograph is useful as an indicator for estimation of age of a person.

AB - Background: - Age estimation among the living subjects is an important parameter in past, present and future Due to more and more immigrants’ entering the borders illegally these have become even more important and necessity to avoid any legal problems. The existing laws as per IPC [Indian Penal code], prevent employment of children below 14yrs in any type of work and is considered as an offence as per Factories Act, 1948. If there is a wrongful assessment of age estimation of an individual it creates a confusion in the justice system and also adds to the burden on the resources. The legal authorities often find themselves in a dilemma when an estimation of age is done and hence a thorough knowledge of this among the experts will definitely help the existing legal system in a long way. Method:- A prospective study involving 160 radiographs including both male and female of varied age group were taken and evaluated for several parameters statistically. Results:- Regression analysis showed 80% correlation between the predicted age and actual age. First cartilage ossification (FCO), Cartilage mineralization and bone demineralization were the strongest factors. Gender prediction was better for males compared to females in the study population. Conclusions:- An accessible, time saving and cost effective method has been tried in the present study. Though there are some limitations, the study reveals that data obtained from radiograph is useful as an indicator for estimation of age of a person.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85046803096&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85046803096&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.5958/0973-9130.2018.00091.9

DO - 10.5958/0973-9130.2018.00091.9

M3 - Article

VL - 12

SP - 141

EP - 144

JO - Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology

JF - Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology

SN - 0973-9122

IS - 2

ER -