Estimation of stature from the length of the sternum in South Indian females

Ritesh G. Menezes, K. R. Nagesh, Francis N P Monteiro, G. Pradeep Kumar, Tanuj Kanchan, Selma Uysal, P. P Jagadish Rao, Prateek Rastogi, Stany W. Lobo, Sneha G. Kalthur

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Estimation of stature is one of the principal elements in practical forensic casework involving examination of skeletal remains. The present study was undertaken to estimate stature from the length of the sternum in South Indian females using a linear regression equation. The material for the present study consisted of intact sternums belonging to adult females of South Indian origin aged between 25 and 35 years of age obtained during medico-legal autopsies. The length of the sternum was measured as the combined length of the manubrium and the mesosternum (body of the sternum) from the incisura jugularis (central suprasternal notch) to the mesoxiphoid junction along the mid-sagittal plane using vernier calipers. A linear regression equation [Stature = 111.599 + (3.316 × Length of the sternum)] was derived to estimate stature from the length of the sternum. The correlation coefficient was 0.639. The standard error of the estimate was 4.11 cm. The present study concludes that the length of the sternum is a reliable predictor of stature in adult South Indian females and can be used as a tool for stature estimation when better predictors of stature like the long bones of the limbs are not available when examining skeletal remains.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)242-245
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Volume18
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 08-2011

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Sternum
regression
casework
examination
Linear Models
Manubrium
Autopsy
Extremities
Bone and Bones

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Law

Cite this

Menezes, Ritesh G. ; Nagesh, K. R. ; Monteiro, Francis N P ; Kumar, G. Pradeep ; Kanchan, Tanuj ; Uysal, Selma ; Rao, P. P Jagadish ; Rastogi, Prateek ; Lobo, Stany W. ; Kalthur, Sneha G. / Estimation of stature from the length of the sternum in South Indian females. In: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine. 2011 ; Vol. 18, No. 6. pp. 242-245.
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Menezes, RG, Nagesh, KR, Monteiro, FNP, Kumar, GP, Kanchan, T, Uysal, S, Rao, PPJ, Rastogi, P, Lobo, SW & Kalthur, SG 2011, 'Estimation of stature from the length of the sternum in South Indian females', Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine, vol. 18, no. 6, pp. 242-245. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2011.04.004

Estimation of stature from the length of the sternum in South Indian females. / Menezes, Ritesh G.; Nagesh, K. R.; Monteiro, Francis N P; Kumar, G. Pradeep; Kanchan, Tanuj; Uysal, Selma; Rao, P. P Jagadish; Rastogi, Prateek; Lobo, Stany W.; Kalthur, Sneha G.

In: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine, Vol. 18, No. 6, 08.2011, p. 242-245.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Menezes, Ritesh G.

AU - Nagesh, K. R.

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AU - Kumar, G. Pradeep

AU - Kanchan, Tanuj

AU - Uysal, Selma

AU - Rao, P. P Jagadish

AU - Rastogi, Prateek

AU - Lobo, Stany W.

AU - Kalthur, Sneha G.

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N2 - Estimation of stature is one of the principal elements in practical forensic casework involving examination of skeletal remains. The present study was undertaken to estimate stature from the length of the sternum in South Indian females using a linear regression equation. The material for the present study consisted of intact sternums belonging to adult females of South Indian origin aged between 25 and 35 years of age obtained during medico-legal autopsies. The length of the sternum was measured as the combined length of the manubrium and the mesosternum (body of the sternum) from the incisura jugularis (central suprasternal notch) to the mesoxiphoid junction along the mid-sagittal plane using vernier calipers. A linear regression equation [Stature = 111.599 + (3.316 × Length of the sternum)] was derived to estimate stature from the length of the sternum. The correlation coefficient was 0.639. The standard error of the estimate was 4.11 cm. The present study concludes that the length of the sternum is a reliable predictor of stature in adult South Indian females and can be used as a tool for stature estimation when better predictors of stature like the long bones of the limbs are not available when examining skeletal remains.

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