Estimation of trace element concentration and neutron induced radioactivity in rock samples of different geological compositions for neutron shielding

B. H.V. Pai, A. A. Shanbhag, Ravi K. Prabhath, S. V. Thakare, K. C. Jagadeesan, A. Krishnamoorthy, P. K. Sarkar, Maitreyee Nandy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Rock samples of different geological compositions intended for use as coarse aggregates (CA) in self-compacting concrete (SCC) have been analysed for concentrations of the elements Sc, Co, Fe, Cs, Ta Eu. These elements give rise to longlived radioactivity in concrete used as neutron shields, consequent to long-term neutron irradiation. This study has been performed on all the eleven samples of different geological compositions to compare their low-activation characteristics and determine their suitability for developing SCC based neutron shielding. The collected samples quartzite rock exhibits lowest induced activity on neutron irradiation. But it failed the fresh property tests for SCC as observed in an earlier study (Pai B H V, et al.,) [communicated to Journal of The Institution of Engineers (India): Series A]. Among the CA samples suitable for SCC composition), dolomite rock produces lowest activity for all the isotopes studied. Concretes having low radioactivation properties will facilitate mitigating the prevailing radiological waste management problems during decommissioning of nuclear facilities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7-14
Number of pages8
JournalIndian Journal of Pure and Applied Physics
Volume54
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-2016

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radioactivity
trace elements
shielding
compacting
rocks
neutrons
neutron irradiation
decommissioning
quartzite
waste management
India
engineers
isotopes
activation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Pai, B. H.V. ; Shanbhag, A. A. ; Prabhath, Ravi K. ; Thakare, S. V. ; Jagadeesan, K. C. ; Krishnamoorthy, A. ; Sarkar, P. K. ; Nandy, Maitreyee. / Estimation of trace element concentration and neutron induced radioactivity in rock samples of different geological compositions for neutron shielding. In: Indian Journal of Pure and Applied Physics. 2016 ; Vol. 54, No. 1. pp. 7-14.
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Estimation of trace element concentration and neutron induced radioactivity in rock samples of different geological compositions for neutron shielding. / Pai, B. H.V.; Shanbhag, A. A.; Prabhath, Ravi K.; Thakare, S. V.; Jagadeesan, K. C.; Krishnamoorthy, A.; Sarkar, P. K.; Nandy, Maitreyee.

In: Indian Journal of Pure and Applied Physics, Vol. 54, No. 1, 01.01.2016, p. 7-14.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Shanbhag, A. A.

AU - Prabhath, Ravi K.

AU - Thakare, S. V.

AU - Jagadeesan, K. C.

AU - Krishnamoorthy, A.

AU - Sarkar, P. K.

AU - Nandy, Maitreyee

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