Ethnopharmacological relevance Moringa oleifera Lam. is widely cultivated in Asian and African countries for its medicinal and dietary significance. The leaves are highly nutritious and are known to possess various biological activities. Materials and methods Pre-pubertal Swiss albino male mice were injected with single dose of cyclophosphamide (CP, 200 mg/kg body weight) or ethanolic extract of Moringa oleifera leaves (MOE, 100 mg/kg body weight) intraperitoneally. In combination group, MOE was administered 24 h prior to CP injection. Results CP induced a significant decrease in testicular weight (p<0.01) and depletion of germ cells (p<0.001) and higher level of DNA damage (p<0.001) compared to control. The expression of P53, Bax, Cytochrome C (Cyt C) was increased while there was a decrease in the expression of Bcl2, c-Kit and Oct4. Administration of MOE 24 h prior to CP treatment ameliorated the depletion (p<0.001), DNA damage (p<0.001) and apoptosis (p<0.01) of germ cells induced by CP. The mitigating effect of MOE appears to be mediated by up-regulating the expression of c-Kit and Oct4 transcripts in P53-independent manner. Conclusion MOE protects the spermatogonial cells from CP-induced damage by modulating the apoptotic response elicited by CP and therefore can be considered as an efficient method of male fertility preservation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Drug Discovery