Background: Community Acquired Pneumonia (CAP) is leading cause of morbidity and mortality in all age groups globally. 4 million cases of Community Acquired Pneumonia occur annually. Haemophilus influenzae is a causative organism of CAP. Empirical treatment with antibiotics like levofloxacin and azithromycin is recommended in these cases. Objectives: This study was conducted to evaluate the minimum inhibitory concentration of levofloxacin and azithromycin in H. influenzae isolates from respiratory specimens. Design: Minimum inhibitory concentrations of levofloxacin and azithromycin in 40 clinically significant H.influenzaeisolates were tested using E-test method after the approval of Institutional Ethics committee. The results were analyzed according to 2019 CLSI guidelines. Result: MIC50 for levofloxacin was 0.008 µg/ml, MIC90 1.5 µg/ml and the 3 resistant isolates had MIC ranging between 8 and 12 µg/ml. Azithromycin MIC50 was 0.047µg/ml, MIC90 6.4 µg/ml and 5 resistant isolates had MIC between 6 and 32µg/ml. Conclusion: The rising MIC of levofloxacin and azithromycin in H.influenzaeemphasizes the need to monitor the antibiotic susceptibility pattern on a regular basis. It is also advisable to restrain the use of fluoroquinolones to make it available for use in the tuberculosis treatment and also to avoid any adverse effects.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development|
|Publication status||Published - 11-2019|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health