Evaluating Sanitization of Toothbrushes Using Various Decontamination Methods: A Meta-Analysis

Santosh Kumari Agrawal, Sirjana Dahal, T. V. Bhumika, N. Sreekumaran Nair

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Toothbrushes play an essential role in personal oral hygiene by effective plaque removal.However, they get heavily contaminated by bacteria, viruses, yeasts, and fungi which may originate from the oral cavity after every use as well as from the environment where they are stored. This systematic review was conducted to identify various decontamination interventions attempted scientifically and it summarizes the efficacy of each. Meta-analysis illustrated that the use of Ultra-violet rays and Microwave had a significant effect on reduction of the microbial count of a used toothbrush with a mean difference of -2.61 and CI (-4.66,-0.76) with I2=98%. When compared with non-active treatment group, the natural agents (garlic, green tree and tea-tree oil) proved to sterilize the toothbrushes effectively with mean difference of -483.34, CI (-914.79, -51.88) and I2=100%.In contrast, chlorhexidine showed the insignificant result with a mean difference of -347.55 and CI (-951.90, 256.80) with I2=100%. The evidence from this review suggests that decontaminating toothbrush reduces bacterial load. Toothbrushes exposed to radiation and natural agents proved to sanitize them effectively but chlorhexidine rendered insignificant results. Keywords: Chemical agent; disinfection; radiation; microbial load; natural agent; toothbrush.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)364-371
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Nepal Health Research Council
Volume16
Issue number41
Publication statusPublished - 27-01-2019

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Chlorhexidine
Decontamination
Meta-Analysis
Tea Tree Oil
Background Radiation
Garlic
Bacterial Load
Oral Hygiene
Disinfection
Tea
Ultraviolet Rays
Microwaves
Mouth
Fungi
Yeasts
Radiation
Viruses
Bacteria
Therapeutics

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Agrawal, Santosh Kumari ; Dahal, Sirjana ; Bhumika, T. V. ; Nair, N. Sreekumaran. / Evaluating Sanitization of Toothbrushes Using Various Decontamination Methods : A Meta-Analysis. In: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council. 2019 ; Vol. 16, No. 41. pp. 364-371.
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Evaluating Sanitization of Toothbrushes Using Various Decontamination Methods : A Meta-Analysis. / Agrawal, Santosh Kumari; Dahal, Sirjana; Bhumika, T. V.; Nair, N. Sreekumaran.

In: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council, Vol. 16, No. 41, 27.01.2019, p. 364-371.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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