Evaluation of antimicrobial activity of Anacardium occidentale leaves against enterococcus faecalis and Candida albicans

N. Vasudev Ballal, P. Y. Prakash, Muliya Vidya Saraswathi, K. S. Bhat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The aim of present invitro study was to investigate antimicrobial efficacy of leaf extract of the cashew plant (Anacardium occidentale) and 2% chlorhexidine gluconate solution against Enterococcus faecalis and Candida albicans. Disk diffusion method using lawn cultures of the E. faecalis and C. albicans was performed to determine the antimicrobial efficacy. The inoculums of these organisms were used to make the lawn culture on sabouraud's agar and blood agar plates. Wells were prepared in these lawn cultures and filled with the various concentrations of the test solutions. The agar plates were incubated at 37°C and zone of inhibition was examined after 48 hours. The results suggest that leaf extract of Anacardium occidentale had antibacterial activity against E. faecalis which was equivalent to Chlorhexidine. However, its antifungal activity against C. albicans was poor compared to Chlorhexidine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)113-120
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Clinical Dentistry
Volume6
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 01-12-2013

Fingerprint

Anacardium
Enterococcus faecalis
Candida albicans
Agar
Chlorhexidine
Plant Extracts

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Dentistry(all)

Cite this

@article{02a7a6ca71704958bf5749f9be68a86a,
title = "Evaluation of antimicrobial activity of Anacardium occidentale leaves against enterococcus faecalis and Candida albicans",
abstract = "The aim of present invitro study was to investigate antimicrobial efficacy of leaf extract of the cashew plant (Anacardium occidentale) and 2{\%} chlorhexidine gluconate solution against Enterococcus faecalis and Candida albicans. Disk diffusion method using lawn cultures of the E. faecalis and C. albicans was performed to determine the antimicrobial efficacy. The inoculums of these organisms were used to make the lawn culture on sabouraud's agar and blood agar plates. Wells were prepared in these lawn cultures and filled with the various concentrations of the test solutions. The agar plates were incubated at 37°C and zone of inhibition was examined after 48 hours. The results suggest that leaf extract of Anacardium occidentale had antibacterial activity against E. faecalis which was equivalent to Chlorhexidine. However, its antifungal activity against C. albicans was poor compared to Chlorhexidine.",
author = "{Vasudev Ballal}, N. and Prakash, {P. Y.} and Saraswathi, {Muliya Vidya} and Bhat, {K. S.}",
year = "2013",
month = "12",
day = "1",
language = "English",
volume = "6",
pages = "113--120",
journal = "International Journal of Clinical Dentistry",
issn = "1939-5833",
publisher = "Nova Science Publishers Inc",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Evaluation of antimicrobial activity of Anacardium occidentale leaves against enterococcus faecalis and Candida albicans

AU - Vasudev Ballal, N.

AU - Prakash, P. Y.

AU - Saraswathi, Muliya Vidya

AU - Bhat, K. S.

PY - 2013/12/1

Y1 - 2013/12/1

N2 - The aim of present invitro study was to investigate antimicrobial efficacy of leaf extract of the cashew plant (Anacardium occidentale) and 2% chlorhexidine gluconate solution against Enterococcus faecalis and Candida albicans. Disk diffusion method using lawn cultures of the E. faecalis and C. albicans was performed to determine the antimicrobial efficacy. The inoculums of these organisms were used to make the lawn culture on sabouraud's agar and blood agar plates. Wells were prepared in these lawn cultures and filled with the various concentrations of the test solutions. The agar plates were incubated at 37°C and zone of inhibition was examined after 48 hours. The results suggest that leaf extract of Anacardium occidentale had antibacterial activity against E. faecalis which was equivalent to Chlorhexidine. However, its antifungal activity against C. albicans was poor compared to Chlorhexidine.

AB - The aim of present invitro study was to investigate antimicrobial efficacy of leaf extract of the cashew plant (Anacardium occidentale) and 2% chlorhexidine gluconate solution against Enterococcus faecalis and Candida albicans. Disk diffusion method using lawn cultures of the E. faecalis and C. albicans was performed to determine the antimicrobial efficacy. The inoculums of these organisms were used to make the lawn culture on sabouraud's agar and blood agar plates. Wells were prepared in these lawn cultures and filled with the various concentrations of the test solutions. The agar plates were incubated at 37°C and zone of inhibition was examined after 48 hours. The results suggest that leaf extract of Anacardium occidentale had antibacterial activity against E. faecalis which was equivalent to Chlorhexidine. However, its antifungal activity against C. albicans was poor compared to Chlorhexidine.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84893178372&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84893178372&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 6

SP - 113

EP - 120

JO - International Journal of Clinical Dentistry

JF - International Journal of Clinical Dentistry

SN - 1939-5833

IS - 2

ER -