Background and Objectives We analyzed Lead II in patients undergoing an Oral Flecainide Challenge test (FCT), to identify any pointers that could predict a positive FCT and thereby help in recognition of latent BS. Methods The following parameters in lead II were retrospectively analyzed from the pre-test ECG in 62 patients undergoing FCT for suspected BS: The presence or absence of S waves, S wave amplitude, duration and upslope duration; J point parameters- Early repolarization, QRS notch, and QRS Slur; ST segment parameters-lack of isoelectric ST segment, ST duration and QT interval. Results 48 had positive FCT (Group-1) while 14 were negative for FCT(Group-2). Lack of an isoelectric ST segment (50% vs 14.29%, p = 0.018) and slurring of QRS (33.33% vs 0%, p = 0.014) was more common in Group-1 than Group-2. Group-1 had shorter ST segment duration (median 81.5 (IQR 64–103.5) vs 110 (IQR 90–132), p = 0.002) and shorter ST: QT ratio (median 0.28 (IQR 0.22–0.35) vs 0.23 (0.18–0.27), p = 0.007). QRS notch/depressed J point (87.5%), QRS slur (100%), and lack of isoelectric ST segment (92.31%) had high sensitivity for predicting an inducible Type 1 Brugada pattern. Combining two parameters- ST: QT ratio<0.24 and lack of isoelectric ST segment-considerably improved the specificity (73.3%), and the positive predictive value of the test to 76%. The results remained accurate when validated in a small prospective cohort. Conclusion Shortened ST segment in Lead II, lack of isoelectric ST segment, slurred QRS and ST/QT ratio <0.24 are predictive of underlying Brugada pattern in baseline ECG.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)