Evaluation of Lingual Orthodontic appliances

Rohan Mascarenhas, Satish Shenoy, Shahista Parveen, Laxmikanth Chatra, Akhter Husain

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Due to increasing popularity of lingual orthodontics in recent years, various lingual systems have been developed. In orthodontics Finite Element Method (FEM) has been used to study various types of tooth movement. Although FEM was extensively used for evaluating the biomechanical effects of labial orthodontic forces, research on lingual system is still limited. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of two different lingual bracket systems using FEM. FEM of maxilla which included six upper anterior teeth, periodontal ligament has been created. Six upper anterior teeth were digitally arranged in final position using a new computerized method. CAD models of six upper anterior brackets of 7th generation and Lingual matrix have also been created and attached onto the digital model at appropriate heights. Various orthodontic movements were simulated and force applied distal to the canine bracket. Deformation, stress on teeth, bone and periodontal ligament were studied and compared between the two different lingual systems. Deformation was less with lingual matrix brackets than 7th generation brackets when subjected to intrusive, retractive and combined forces. More stresses were generated on the teeth, bone and PDL in lingual matrix brackets than 7th generation brackets when subjected to forces. It was found that tooth movements are more efficient and precise in lingual matrix brackets than prefabricated 7th generation brackets.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)253-260
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Computational Methods in Sciences and Engineering
Volume17
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computational Mathematics

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