Evaluation of nephroprotective effects of persea americana on cisplatin induced nephrotoxicity in albino wistar rats

Vasavi Kumblekar, K. Sudha, Sharada Rai, K. Reshma, Durga Rao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Various human cancers such as bladder, lung, testicular and ovarian cancers are treated with an effective chemotherapeutic drug cisplatin. Though it is an effective drug to treat cancer, its extensive use has lead to drug resistance. The major side effect of cisplatin is renal damage. Persea americana has been used in the Indian system of medicine to treat various diseases. This study aims to investigate the nephroprotective activity of hydroalchoholic extract of P. americana (HEPA) leaves on cisplatin induced nephrotoxicity in albino wistarrats. All rats except control group received a single intraperitoneal dose of 7.5 mg/kg bodyweight cisplatin on the 5th day. Group III and Group IV were administered with HEPA (250 mg/kg body weight and 1000 mg/kg body weight) orally, for 4 days before they received cisplatin. Control group comprised of rats that were administered with normal saline (i.p) only. The intraperitoneal injection of cisplatin increased kidney weight, serum cystatin-c, and serum creatinine, at the same time, decreased body weight, urinary volume, urine creatinine, creatinine clearance, and renal antioxidant activity, all of which were significant. Histopathological reports showed marked congestion of glomerulus and degenerative changes in the proximal convoluted tubules. Treatment with HEPA showed a significant decrease in serum cystatin-c (p<0.001), serum creatinine (p<0.001), urinary volume (p<0.005), kidney weight and increase in renal tissue antioxidant activity (p<0.001) along with regeneration of proximal tubular cell architecture. These results suggest that HEPA possess nephroprotective activity against cisplatin induced nephrotoxicity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)344-351
Number of pages8
JournalMedicinal Plants
Volume11
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-09-2019

Fingerprint

Persea
nephrotoxicity
Persea americana
cisplatin
albino
Cisplatin
Wistar Rats
Rats
rats
creatinine
kidneys
Creatinine
Kidney
Cystatins
cystatins
body weight
Body Weight
extracts
Serum
Antioxidants

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Drug Discovery
  • Plant Science
  • Organic Chemistry

Cite this

@article{79e220e8298a4b92b1bc9cd035d124f9,
title = "Evaluation of nephroprotective effects of persea americana on cisplatin induced nephrotoxicity in albino wistar rats",
abstract = "Various human cancers such as bladder, lung, testicular and ovarian cancers are treated with an effective chemotherapeutic drug cisplatin. Though it is an effective drug to treat cancer, its extensive use has lead to drug resistance. The major side effect of cisplatin is renal damage. Persea americana has been used in the Indian system of medicine to treat various diseases. This study aims to investigate the nephroprotective activity of hydroalchoholic extract of P. americana (HEPA) leaves on cisplatin induced nephrotoxicity in albino wistarrats. All rats except control group received a single intraperitoneal dose of 7.5 mg/kg bodyweight cisplatin on the 5th day. Group III and Group IV were administered with HEPA (250 mg/kg body weight and 1000 mg/kg body weight) orally, for 4 days before they received cisplatin. Control group comprised of rats that were administered with normal saline (i.p) only. The intraperitoneal injection of cisplatin increased kidney weight, serum cystatin-c, and serum creatinine, at the same time, decreased body weight, urinary volume, urine creatinine, creatinine clearance, and renal antioxidant activity, all of which were significant. Histopathological reports showed marked congestion of glomerulus and degenerative changes in the proximal convoluted tubules. Treatment with HEPA showed a significant decrease in serum cystatin-c (p<0.001), serum creatinine (p<0.001), urinary volume (p<0.005), kidney weight and increase in renal tissue antioxidant activity (p<0.001) along with regeneration of proximal tubular cell architecture. These results suggest that HEPA possess nephroprotective activity against cisplatin induced nephrotoxicity.",
author = "Vasavi Kumblekar and K. Sudha and Sharada Rai and K. Reshma and Durga Rao",
year = "2019",
month = "9",
day = "1",
doi = "10.5958/0975-6892.2019.00044.3",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
pages = "344--351",
journal = "Medicinal Plants - International Journal of Phytomedicines and Related Industries",
issn = "0975-4261",
publisher = "IOS Press",
number = "3",

}

Evaluation of nephroprotective effects of persea americana on cisplatin induced nephrotoxicity in albino wistar rats. / Kumblekar, Vasavi; Sudha, K.; Rai, Sharada; Reshma, K.; Rao, Durga.

In: Medicinal Plants, Vol. 11, No. 3, 01.09.2019, p. 344-351.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Evaluation of nephroprotective effects of persea americana on cisplatin induced nephrotoxicity in albino wistar rats

AU - Kumblekar, Vasavi

AU - Sudha, K.

AU - Rai, Sharada

AU - Reshma, K.

AU - Rao, Durga

PY - 2019/9/1

Y1 - 2019/9/1

N2 - Various human cancers such as bladder, lung, testicular and ovarian cancers are treated with an effective chemotherapeutic drug cisplatin. Though it is an effective drug to treat cancer, its extensive use has lead to drug resistance. The major side effect of cisplatin is renal damage. Persea americana has been used in the Indian system of medicine to treat various diseases. This study aims to investigate the nephroprotective activity of hydroalchoholic extract of P. americana (HEPA) leaves on cisplatin induced nephrotoxicity in albino wistarrats. All rats except control group received a single intraperitoneal dose of 7.5 mg/kg bodyweight cisplatin on the 5th day. Group III and Group IV were administered with HEPA (250 mg/kg body weight and 1000 mg/kg body weight) orally, for 4 days before they received cisplatin. Control group comprised of rats that were administered with normal saline (i.p) only. The intraperitoneal injection of cisplatin increased kidney weight, serum cystatin-c, and serum creatinine, at the same time, decreased body weight, urinary volume, urine creatinine, creatinine clearance, and renal antioxidant activity, all of which were significant. Histopathological reports showed marked congestion of glomerulus and degenerative changes in the proximal convoluted tubules. Treatment with HEPA showed a significant decrease in serum cystatin-c (p<0.001), serum creatinine (p<0.001), urinary volume (p<0.005), kidney weight and increase in renal tissue antioxidant activity (p<0.001) along with regeneration of proximal tubular cell architecture. These results suggest that HEPA possess nephroprotective activity against cisplatin induced nephrotoxicity.

AB - Various human cancers such as bladder, lung, testicular and ovarian cancers are treated with an effective chemotherapeutic drug cisplatin. Though it is an effective drug to treat cancer, its extensive use has lead to drug resistance. The major side effect of cisplatin is renal damage. Persea americana has been used in the Indian system of medicine to treat various diseases. This study aims to investigate the nephroprotective activity of hydroalchoholic extract of P. americana (HEPA) leaves on cisplatin induced nephrotoxicity in albino wistarrats. All rats except control group received a single intraperitoneal dose of 7.5 mg/kg bodyweight cisplatin on the 5th day. Group III and Group IV were administered with HEPA (250 mg/kg body weight and 1000 mg/kg body weight) orally, for 4 days before they received cisplatin. Control group comprised of rats that were administered with normal saline (i.p) only. The intraperitoneal injection of cisplatin increased kidney weight, serum cystatin-c, and serum creatinine, at the same time, decreased body weight, urinary volume, urine creatinine, creatinine clearance, and renal antioxidant activity, all of which were significant. Histopathological reports showed marked congestion of glomerulus and degenerative changes in the proximal convoluted tubules. Treatment with HEPA showed a significant decrease in serum cystatin-c (p<0.001), serum creatinine (p<0.001), urinary volume (p<0.005), kidney weight and increase in renal tissue antioxidant activity (p<0.001) along with regeneration of proximal tubular cell architecture. These results suggest that HEPA possess nephroprotective activity against cisplatin induced nephrotoxicity.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85073531445&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85073531445&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.5958/0975-6892.2019.00044.3

DO - 10.5958/0975-6892.2019.00044.3

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85073531445

VL - 11

SP - 344

EP - 351

JO - Medicinal Plants - International Journal of Phytomedicines and Related Industries

JF - Medicinal Plants - International Journal of Phytomedicines and Related Industries

SN - 0975-4261

IS - 3

ER -