Experimental evaluation of pool fire suppression performance of sodium leak collection tray in open air

F. C. Parida, P. M. Rao, S. S. Ramesh, B. Malarvizhi, V. Gopalakrishnan, E. H.V.M. Rao, N. Kasinathan, S. E. Kannan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the event of sodium leakage from heat transfer circuits of fast breeder reactors (FBR), liquid sodium catches fire in ambient air leading to production of flame, smoke and heat. One of the passive fire protection methods involves immediate collection of the leaking sodium to a sodium hold-up vessel (SHV) covered with a sloping cover tray (SCT) having a few drain pipes and one vent pipe (as in Fig. 1). As soon as the liquid sodium falls on the sloping cover tray, gravity guides the sodium through drain pipes into the bottom tray in which self-extinction occurs due to oxygen starvation. This sodium fire protection equipment called leak collection tray (LCT) works without the intervention of an operator and external power source. A large number of LCTs are strategically arranged under the sodium circulating pipe lines in the FBR plants to serve as passive suppression devices. In order to test the efficacy of the LCT, four tests were conducted. Two tests were with LCT having three drain pipes and rest with one. In each experiment, nearly 40 kg of hot liquid sodium at 550°C was discharged on the LCT in the open air. Continuous on-line monitoring of temperature at strategic locations (∼ 28 points) were carried out. Colour videography was employed for taking motion pictures of various time-dependent events like sodium dumping, appearance of flame and release of smoke through vent pipes. After self-extinction of sodium fire, the LCT was allowed to cool overnight in an argon atmosphere. Solid samples of sodium debris in the SCT and SHV were collected by manual core drilling machine. The samples were subjected to chemical analysis for determination of unburnt and burnt sodium. The results of the four tests revealed an interesting feature: LCT with three drain pipes showed far lower sodium collection efficiency and much higher sodium combustion than that with just one drain pipe. Thermal fluctuations in temperature sensor located near the tip of the drain pipe have indicated that transient freezing and remelting processes are responsible for this phenomenon. Moreover comparison of test results between present and earlier experiments has revealed that the LCT with funnel shaped SCT is superior to that with boat shaped SCT.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationFourteenth International Conference on Nuclear Engineering 2006, ICONE 14
Volume2006
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006
EventFourteenth International Conference on Nuclear Engineering 2006, ICONE 14 - Miami, FL, United States
Duration: 17-07-200620-07-2006

Conference

ConferenceFourteenth International Conference on Nuclear Engineering 2006, ICONE 14
CountryUnited States
CityMiami, FL
Period17-07-0620-07-06

Fingerprint

Fires
Sodium
Air
Pipe
Breeder reactors
Fire protection
Vents
Smoke
Liquids
Drilling machines (machine tools)
Core drilling
Motion pictures
Remelting
Leakage (fluid)
Boats
Temperature sensors
Debris
Freezing
Argon
Gravitation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering

Cite this

Parida, F. C., Rao, P. M., Ramesh, S. S., Malarvizhi, B., Gopalakrishnan, V., Rao, E. H. V. M., ... Kannan, S. E. (2006). Experimental evaluation of pool fire suppression performance of sodium leak collection tray in open air. In Fourteenth International Conference on Nuclear Engineering 2006, ICONE 14 (Vol. 2006) https://doi.org/10.1115/ICONE14-89592
Parida, F. C. ; Rao, P. M. ; Ramesh, S. S. ; Malarvizhi, B. ; Gopalakrishnan, V. ; Rao, E. H.V.M. ; Kasinathan, N. ; Kannan, S. E. / Experimental evaluation of pool fire suppression performance of sodium leak collection tray in open air. Fourteenth International Conference on Nuclear Engineering 2006, ICONE 14. Vol. 2006 2006.
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abstract = "In the event of sodium leakage from heat transfer circuits of fast breeder reactors (FBR), liquid sodium catches fire in ambient air leading to production of flame, smoke and heat. One of the passive fire protection methods involves immediate collection of the leaking sodium to a sodium hold-up vessel (SHV) covered with a sloping cover tray (SCT) having a few drain pipes and one vent pipe (as in Fig. 1). As soon as the liquid sodium falls on the sloping cover tray, gravity guides the sodium through drain pipes into the bottom tray in which self-extinction occurs due to oxygen starvation. This sodium fire protection equipment called leak collection tray (LCT) works without the intervention of an operator and external power source. A large number of LCTs are strategically arranged under the sodium circulating pipe lines in the FBR plants to serve as passive suppression devices. In order to test the efficacy of the LCT, four tests were conducted. Two tests were with LCT having three drain pipes and rest with one. In each experiment, nearly 40 kg of hot liquid sodium at 550°C was discharged on the LCT in the open air. Continuous on-line monitoring of temperature at strategic locations (∼ 28 points) were carried out. Colour videography was employed for taking motion pictures of various time-dependent events like sodium dumping, appearance of flame and release of smoke through vent pipes. After self-extinction of sodium fire, the LCT was allowed to cool overnight in an argon atmosphere. Solid samples of sodium debris in the SCT and SHV were collected by manual core drilling machine. The samples were subjected to chemical analysis for determination of unburnt and burnt sodium. The results of the four tests revealed an interesting feature: LCT with three drain pipes showed far lower sodium collection efficiency and much higher sodium combustion than that with just one drain pipe. Thermal fluctuations in temperature sensor located near the tip of the drain pipe have indicated that transient freezing and remelting processes are responsible for this phenomenon. Moreover comparison of test results between present and earlier experiments has revealed that the LCT with funnel shaped SCT is superior to that with boat shaped SCT.",
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Parida, FC, Rao, PM, Ramesh, SS, Malarvizhi, B, Gopalakrishnan, V, Rao, EHVM, Kasinathan, N & Kannan, SE 2006, Experimental evaluation of pool fire suppression performance of sodium leak collection tray in open air. in Fourteenth International Conference on Nuclear Engineering 2006, ICONE 14. vol. 2006, Fourteenth International Conference on Nuclear Engineering 2006, ICONE 14, Miami, FL, United States, 17-07-06. https://doi.org/10.1115/ICONE14-89592

Experimental evaluation of pool fire suppression performance of sodium leak collection tray in open air. / Parida, F. C.; Rao, P. M.; Ramesh, S. S.; Malarvizhi, B.; Gopalakrishnan, V.; Rao, E. H.V.M.; Kasinathan, N.; Kannan, S. E.

Fourteenth International Conference on Nuclear Engineering 2006, ICONE 14. Vol. 2006 2006.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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T1 - Experimental evaluation of pool fire suppression performance of sodium leak collection tray in open air

AU - Parida, F. C.

AU - Rao, P. M.

AU - Ramesh, S. S.

AU - Malarvizhi, B.

AU - Gopalakrishnan, V.

AU - Rao, E. H.V.M.

AU - Kasinathan, N.

AU - Kannan, S. E.

PY - 2006

Y1 - 2006

N2 - In the event of sodium leakage from heat transfer circuits of fast breeder reactors (FBR), liquid sodium catches fire in ambient air leading to production of flame, smoke and heat. One of the passive fire protection methods involves immediate collection of the leaking sodium to a sodium hold-up vessel (SHV) covered with a sloping cover tray (SCT) having a few drain pipes and one vent pipe (as in Fig. 1). As soon as the liquid sodium falls on the sloping cover tray, gravity guides the sodium through drain pipes into the bottom tray in which self-extinction occurs due to oxygen starvation. This sodium fire protection equipment called leak collection tray (LCT) works without the intervention of an operator and external power source. A large number of LCTs are strategically arranged under the sodium circulating pipe lines in the FBR plants to serve as passive suppression devices. In order to test the efficacy of the LCT, four tests were conducted. Two tests were with LCT having three drain pipes and rest with one. In each experiment, nearly 40 kg of hot liquid sodium at 550°C was discharged on the LCT in the open air. Continuous on-line monitoring of temperature at strategic locations (∼ 28 points) were carried out. Colour videography was employed for taking motion pictures of various time-dependent events like sodium dumping, appearance of flame and release of smoke through vent pipes. After self-extinction of sodium fire, the LCT was allowed to cool overnight in an argon atmosphere. Solid samples of sodium debris in the SCT and SHV were collected by manual core drilling machine. The samples were subjected to chemical analysis for determination of unburnt and burnt sodium. The results of the four tests revealed an interesting feature: LCT with three drain pipes showed far lower sodium collection efficiency and much higher sodium combustion than that with just one drain pipe. Thermal fluctuations in temperature sensor located near the tip of the drain pipe have indicated that transient freezing and remelting processes are responsible for this phenomenon. Moreover comparison of test results between present and earlier experiments has revealed that the LCT with funnel shaped SCT is superior to that with boat shaped SCT.

AB - In the event of sodium leakage from heat transfer circuits of fast breeder reactors (FBR), liquid sodium catches fire in ambient air leading to production of flame, smoke and heat. One of the passive fire protection methods involves immediate collection of the leaking sodium to a sodium hold-up vessel (SHV) covered with a sloping cover tray (SCT) having a few drain pipes and one vent pipe (as in Fig. 1). As soon as the liquid sodium falls on the sloping cover tray, gravity guides the sodium through drain pipes into the bottom tray in which self-extinction occurs due to oxygen starvation. This sodium fire protection equipment called leak collection tray (LCT) works without the intervention of an operator and external power source. A large number of LCTs are strategically arranged under the sodium circulating pipe lines in the FBR plants to serve as passive suppression devices. In order to test the efficacy of the LCT, four tests were conducted. Two tests were with LCT having three drain pipes and rest with one. In each experiment, nearly 40 kg of hot liquid sodium at 550°C was discharged on the LCT in the open air. Continuous on-line monitoring of temperature at strategic locations (∼ 28 points) were carried out. Colour videography was employed for taking motion pictures of various time-dependent events like sodium dumping, appearance of flame and release of smoke through vent pipes. After self-extinction of sodium fire, the LCT was allowed to cool overnight in an argon atmosphere. Solid samples of sodium debris in the SCT and SHV were collected by manual core drilling machine. The samples were subjected to chemical analysis for determination of unburnt and burnt sodium. The results of the four tests revealed an interesting feature: LCT with three drain pipes showed far lower sodium collection efficiency and much higher sodium combustion than that with just one drain pipe. Thermal fluctuations in temperature sensor located near the tip of the drain pipe have indicated that transient freezing and remelting processes are responsible for this phenomenon. Moreover comparison of test results between present and earlier experiments has revealed that the LCT with funnel shaped SCT is superior to that with boat shaped SCT.

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Parida FC, Rao PM, Ramesh SS, Malarvizhi B, Gopalakrishnan V, Rao EHVM et al. Experimental evaluation of pool fire suppression performance of sodium leak collection tray in open air. In Fourteenth International Conference on Nuclear Engineering 2006, ICONE 14. Vol. 2006. 2006 https://doi.org/10.1115/ICONE14-89592