Diagnosis and treatment of various diseases in Ayurveda, the Indian system of medicine, relies on ‘prakriti’ phenotyping of individuals into predominantly three constitutions, kapha, pitta and vata. Recent studies propose that microbiome play an integral role in precision medicine. A study of the relationship between prakriti – the basis of personalized medicine in Ayurveda and that of gut microbiome, and possible biomarker of an individual’s health, would vastly improve precision therapy. Towards this, we analyzed bacterial metagenomes from buccal (oral microbiome) and fecal (gut microbiome) samples of 272 healthy individuals of various predominant prakritis. Major bacterial genera from gut microbiome included Prevotella, Bacteroides and Dialister while oral microbiome included Streptococcus, Neisseria, Veilonella, Haemophilus, Porphyromonas and Prevotella. Though the core microbiome was shared across all individuals, we found prakriti specific signatures such as preferential presence of Paraprevotella and Christensenellaceae in vata individuals. A comparison of core gut microbiome of each prakriti with a database of ‘healthy’ microbes identified microbes unique to each prakriti with functional roles similar to the physiological characteristics of various prakritis as described in Ayurveda. Our findings provide evidence to Ayurvedic interventions based on prakriti phenotyping and possible microbial biomarkers that can stratify the heterogenous population and aid in precision therapy.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)