Facets of technology transfer: A perspective of pharmaceutical industry

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Abstract

Intellectual property is an important aspect for country's technological, economical and social development. It is observed that normally technologies are created in developed countries and benefits of these technologies are not spilled over to people in the developing countries. It is essential to make these technologies easily and economically available to people in developing countries. Technology transfer is thus an important aspect in making these technologies available to developing countries. By transferring technologies, firms can recoup a substantial portion of investment. Government, industry and academia can join hands in developing and distributing technologies to all the stakeholders. Licensing (in-licensing and out-licensing) is one such phenomenon of technology transfer that has gained momentum in pharmaceutical industry whereby pharma companies can contribute to research and development. This article identifies some aspects of technology transfer that is shaping pharmaceutical industry and its research and development activities to meet the newer challenges and some relevant examples of technology transfer in pharmaceutical industry.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)28-34
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Intellectual Property Rights
Volume13
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 01-2008

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pharmaceutical industry
technology transfer
developing country
research and development
intellectual property
technical development
social development
stakeholder
firm
industry

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Law

Cite this

@article{4ab291ff41ff4f8192de0a48167b81a4,
title = "Facets of technology transfer: A perspective of pharmaceutical industry",
abstract = "Intellectual property is an important aspect for country's technological, economical and social development. It is observed that normally technologies are created in developed countries and benefits of these technologies are not spilled over to people in the developing countries. It is essential to make these technologies easily and economically available to people in developing countries. Technology transfer is thus an important aspect in making these technologies available to developing countries. By transferring technologies, firms can recoup a substantial portion of investment. Government, industry and academia can join hands in developing and distributing technologies to all the stakeholders. Licensing (in-licensing and out-licensing) is one such phenomenon of technology transfer that has gained momentum in pharmaceutical industry whereby pharma companies can contribute to research and development. This article identifies some aspects of technology transfer that is shaping pharmaceutical industry and its research and development activities to meet the newer challenges and some relevant examples of technology transfer in pharmaceutical industry.",
author = "M.D. Janodia and D. Sreedhar and V.S. Ligade and A. Pise and N. Udupa",
note = "Cited By :4 Export Date: 10 November 2017 Correspondence Address: Janodia, M. D.; Department of Pharmacy Management, Manipal College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Manipal University, Manipal 576104, India; email: manthan.j@manipal.edu References: Philip, M., Licensing and Technology Transfer in the Pharmaceutical Industry, , http://www.wipo.int/sme/en/documents/pdf/pharma_licensing.pdf(11May2007); (2000) Methodological and Technological Issues in Technology Transfer - Summary for Policy Makers, , http://www.ipcc.ch/pub/srtt-e.pdf(15May2007), Special report submitted by Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) working group III; (2005), http://www.iprcommission.org/papers/pdfs/final_report/ciprfullfinal. pdf(13November; Lalitha, N., TRIPS and Pharmaceutical Industry: Issues and Prospects, , http://www.iprsonline.org/ictsd/docs/ResourcesHealthArticleLalitha. doc(12May2007); Centi, J.-P., Rubio, N., Intellectual Property Rights and Entrepreneurship: on the Precedence of Trademarks, , http://www.icer.it/docs/wp2005/ICERwp29-05.pdf(15October2006), Working Paper 29/2005, International Centre for Economic Research Working Paper Series; (2007), https://www.kent.ac.uk/lawb/undergraduate/modules/ip/resources/ ip_dissertations/2001-02/Diss-Gorasia.doc(17May; Dinesh, A., Knowledge Diffusion under the Emerging Post-TRIPS Indian Pharmaceutical Scenario, , paper presented at the DRUID Summer Conference in 2004 on Industrial Dynamics, Innovation and Development; Innovation in Developing Countries to Meet Health Needs-experiences of China, p. 71. , Brazil, South Africa and India, Country reports for submission to Commission on Intellectual Property Rights, Innovation and Public Health prepared by The Center for Management of Intellectual Property in Health Research and Development; Barton John, H., (2007) New Trends in Technology Transfer -Implications for National and International Policy, 18. , http://www.iprsonline.org/resources/docs/Barton{\%}20- {\%}20New{\%}20Trends{\%}20Technology{\%}20Transfer{\%}200207.pdf(11May, Issue Paper International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development: 8; Barton John, H., (2007) New Trends in Technology Transfer -Implications for National and International Policy, (18), p. 21. , http://www.iprsonline.org/resources/docs/Barton{\%}20- {\%}20New{\%}20Trends{\%}20Technology{\%}20Transfer{\%}200207.pdf(11May, Issue Paper International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development; http://www.scidev.net/Opinions/index.cfm?fuseaction=readOpinions& itemid=560&language=l(14May2007); Lita, N., The role of university technology transfer operations in assuring access to medicines and vaccines in developing countries (2003) Yale Journal of Health Policy, Law, and Ethics, 3 (2), p. 302; (2007), http://dbtindia.mc.in/techtransfer/techmain.html(15May; Mashelkar, R.A., Intellectual property rights and the third world (2001) Current Science, 81 (8), p. 956; Henderson Jennifer, A., Smith John, J., (2002) Academia, Industry, and the Bayh Dole Act: An Implied Duty to Commercialize, , http://www.cimit.org/coi_part3(19January2006), October; Balram, P., Patents, laws and science (2005) Current Science, 88 (10), p. 1528; Thursby Jerry, G., Thursby Marie, C., (2002) University Licensing under Bayh Dole: What Are the Issues and Evidence? February, , http://otl.gtrc.gatech.edu/thursbylicensing2.doc(2March2006); Hyndman Kelly, G., Gruskin Steven, M., Iyer Chid, S., Technology transfer: What India can learn from United States (2005) Journal of Intellectual Property Rights, 10 (5), pp. 399-405; Bermudez Jorge, A.Z., Ruth, E., Auxiliadora, O.M., Lia, H., The WTO TRIPS Agreement and patent protection in Brazil: Recent changes and implications for local production and access to medicines (2000) WHO/PAHO Collaborating Centre for Pharmaceutical Policies, p. 83. , Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Rio De Janeiro, Brazil, April; Biswajit, D., Niranjan Rao, C., Veena, G., (2007) Transfer of Technology for Successful Integration into the Globaleconomy - A Case Study of the Pharmaceutical Industry in India, , http://www.unctad.org/en/docs//iteipcmisc22_en.pdf(11May; Nagesh, K., Intellectual Property Rights, Technology and Economic Development: Experiences of Asian Countries, p. 34. , Study Paper IB, Commission on Intellectual Property Rights; (2005) Proceeding of the CSIR-WIPO Workshop on Negotiating Technology Licensing Agreements, pp. 4-8. , July New Delhi; Shahid, A., Raghunath, M., (2004) National Economic Development Strategy and Intellectual Property in Intellectual Property and Competitive Strategies in the 21 st Century (Kluwer Law International), 60; Grubb Philip, W., (2004) Patent Aspects of Licensing in Patents for Chemicals, Pharmaceuticals and Biotechnology -Fundamentals of Global Law, Practice and Strategy, pp. 440-448. , 4 th edn (Oxford University Press); http://www.ranbaxy.com/licensingofproducts.htm; Indian drug makers take to in-licensing for better health (2007) IDMA Bulletin, 38 (17), p. 17; www.moneycontrol.com/india/news/business/themis-aventistech-transfer- deal-/16/07/294996; (2004) The Economic Times, 9. , April",
year = "2008",
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journal = "Journal of Intellectual Property Rights",
issn = "0971-7544",
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T1 - Facets of technology transfer: A perspective of pharmaceutical industry

AU - Janodia, M.D.

AU - Sreedhar, D.

AU - Ligade, V.S.

AU - Pise, A.

AU - Udupa, N.

N1 - Cited By :4 Export Date: 10 November 2017 Correspondence Address: Janodia, M. D.; Department of Pharmacy Management, Manipal College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Manipal University, Manipal 576104, India; email: manthan.j@manipal.edu References: Philip, M., Licensing and Technology Transfer in the Pharmaceutical Industry, , http://www.wipo.int/sme/en/documents/pdf/pharma_licensing.pdf(11May2007); (2000) Methodological and Technological Issues in Technology Transfer - Summary for Policy Makers, , http://www.ipcc.ch/pub/srtt-e.pdf(15May2007), Special report submitted by Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) working group III; (2005), http://www.iprcommission.org/papers/pdfs/final_report/ciprfullfinal. pdf(13November; Lalitha, N., TRIPS and Pharmaceutical Industry: Issues and Prospects, , http://www.iprsonline.org/ictsd/docs/ResourcesHealthArticleLalitha. doc(12May2007); Centi, J.-P., Rubio, N., Intellectual Property Rights and Entrepreneurship: on the Precedence of Trademarks, , http://www.icer.it/docs/wp2005/ICERwp29-05.pdf(15October2006), Working Paper 29/2005, International Centre for Economic Research Working Paper Series; (2007), https://www.kent.ac.uk/lawb/undergraduate/modules/ip/resources/ ip_dissertations/2001-02/Diss-Gorasia.doc(17May; Dinesh, A., Knowledge Diffusion under the Emerging Post-TRIPS Indian Pharmaceutical Scenario, , paper presented at the DRUID Summer Conference in 2004 on Industrial Dynamics, Innovation and Development; Innovation in Developing Countries to Meet Health Needs-experiences of China, p. 71. , Brazil, South Africa and India, Country reports for submission to Commission on Intellectual Property Rights, Innovation and Public Health prepared by The Center for Management of Intellectual Property in Health Research and Development; Barton John, H., (2007) New Trends in Technology Transfer -Implications for National and International Policy, 18. , http://www.iprsonline.org/resources/docs/Barton%20- %20New%20Trends%20Technology%20Transfer%200207.pdf(11May, Issue Paper International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development: 8; Barton John, H., (2007) New Trends in Technology Transfer -Implications for National and International Policy, (18), p. 21. , http://www.iprsonline.org/resources/docs/Barton%20- %20New%20Trends%20Technology%20Transfer%200207.pdf(11May, Issue Paper International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development; http://www.scidev.net/Opinions/index.cfm?fuseaction=readOpinions& itemid=560&language=l(14May2007); Lita, N., The role of university technology transfer operations in assuring access to medicines and vaccines in developing countries (2003) Yale Journal of Health Policy, Law, and Ethics, 3 (2), p. 302; (2007), http://dbtindia.mc.in/techtransfer/techmain.html(15May; Mashelkar, R.A., Intellectual property rights and the third world (2001) Current Science, 81 (8), p. 956; Henderson Jennifer, A., Smith John, J., (2002) Academia, Industry, and the Bayh Dole Act: An Implied Duty to Commercialize, , http://www.cimit.org/coi_part3(19January2006), October; Balram, P., Patents, laws and science (2005) Current Science, 88 (10), p. 1528; Thursby Jerry, G., Thursby Marie, C., (2002) University Licensing under Bayh Dole: What Are the Issues and Evidence? February, , http://otl.gtrc.gatech.edu/thursbylicensing2.doc(2March2006); Hyndman Kelly, G., Gruskin Steven, M., Iyer Chid, S., Technology transfer: What India can learn from United States (2005) Journal of Intellectual Property Rights, 10 (5), pp. 399-405; Bermudez Jorge, A.Z., Ruth, E., Auxiliadora, O.M., Lia, H., The WTO TRIPS Agreement and patent protection in Brazil: Recent changes and implications for local production and access to medicines (2000) WHO/PAHO Collaborating Centre for Pharmaceutical Policies, p. 83. , Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Rio De Janeiro, Brazil, April; Biswajit, D., Niranjan Rao, C., Veena, G., (2007) Transfer of Technology for Successful Integration into the Globaleconomy - A Case Study of the Pharmaceutical Industry in India, , http://www.unctad.org/en/docs//iteipcmisc22_en.pdf(11May; Nagesh, K., Intellectual Property Rights, Technology and Economic Development: Experiences of Asian Countries, p. 34. , Study Paper IB, Commission on Intellectual Property Rights; (2005) Proceeding of the CSIR-WIPO Workshop on Negotiating Technology Licensing Agreements, pp. 4-8. , July New Delhi; Shahid, A., Raghunath, M., (2004) National Economic Development Strategy and Intellectual Property in Intellectual Property and Competitive Strategies in the 21 st Century (Kluwer Law International), 60; Grubb Philip, W., (2004) Patent Aspects of Licensing in Patents for Chemicals, Pharmaceuticals and Biotechnology -Fundamentals of Global Law, Practice and Strategy, pp. 440-448. , 4 th edn (Oxford University Press); http://www.ranbaxy.com/licensingofproducts.htm; Indian drug makers take to in-licensing for better health (2007) IDMA Bulletin, 38 (17), p. 17; www.moneycontrol.com/india/news/business/themis-aventistech-transfer- deal-/16/07/294996; (2004) The Economic Times, 9. , April

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