A facile and cost-effective method was developed to create superhydrophobic surfaces onto a superhydrophilic commercial paper for the application of droplet splitting of microliter droplets into nano and sub-nano-liter droplets. The high wettability contrast of nearly 180° between the superhydrophobic region created via candle soot coated onto the patterned poly (dimethylsiloxane) and the paper causes the self-partitioning of a 1 µl droplet while sliding through the surface with a speed ranging from 0.001 to 7.3 mm/s. Additionally, the splitting of the droplet demonstrated for µl droplets of surface tension ranging from 72 mN/m to 38.5 mN/m. The plasmonic droplet assay for surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy was fabricated via in-situ reduction of Ag nanoparticles onto the superhydrophilic region. The Raman scattering studies of methyl orange using the prepared substrates exhibit a limit of detection of 670 pM. Further, by using methyl orange as a probe molecule, selective detection of Hg2+ ions up to a concentration of 100 pM in nanoliter droplet volume is demonstrated. It is envisaged that these cost-effective plasmonic nanoliter droplet assays created via patterned superhydrophilic-superhydrophobic can find applications in high throughput screening, microfluidic bioassays, medical diagnosis.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Surfaces and Interfaces
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films