Introduction: Radiation exposure encountered in dentistry is minimal; however, their harmful effects cannot be ruled out. Though there are several guidelines established to minimize exposure to X-rays in dentistry, earlier studies have reported that practitioners are not entirely compliant with the same. There is, therefore, a definite need to identify factors that influence compliance with radiation protection practices among general dental practitioners (GDPs). Objective: The objective is to assess various factors influencing radiation protection practices among Indian GDPs. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study design using a pretested, self-administered, structured questionnaire comprising of 37 items was employed in the present study. Information pertaining to demographics and radiation protection practices among GDPs was collected. Results: A total of 66.7 and 49.4% did not follow position and distance rule respectively; overall, 88.5 and 94.3% did not use lead apron and thyroid collar respectively, for their patients. It was observed that 60.9% did not adjust exposure parameters according to tooth position; a total of 94.2% did not use personal dosimeters, while 63.2% disposed radiographic waste in common drain. Correlation analysis revealed significant association of awareness about governing bodies with educational course, distance rule with years of practice, personal dosimeter usage with gender, and other patients’ exposure to radiation with type of practice of the participants (p < 0.05). Conclusion: The present study revealed poor radiation protection practices among GDPs. Low compliance with personnel-and patient-related protection measures was observed. A majority of the respondents were not familiar with radiation protection guidelines. Correlation analysis revealed important demographics that were influencing radiation protection practices among the respondents. The present study highlights crucial policy implications to ensure greater compliance with appropriate radiation protection guidelines among GDPs in India.
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