Abstract

Background: Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) has transformed life threatening HIV/AIDS scenario into chronic manageable disease. Methodology: In this cross-sectional, 409 People Living with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (PLHIV) aged ≥ 18 years, who were on ART, were assessed regarding the adherence to ART and factors affecting adherence using semi-structured questionnaire. The association between factors affecting adherence and the level of adherence were analyzed using multiple logistic regression model and odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) were reported. Results: Among 409 PLHIV, 70.4% showed adherence to ART (≥95%). Univariate analysis yielded many factor associated with adherence (P < 0.05). However, on multivariate analysis, PLHIV who do not forget to take ART and not consuming alcohol were the factors consistent with adherence to ART (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Regular patient education and counseling regarding the usage of memory AIDS and abstinence from alcohol could be useful for adherence and long term success of ART among PLHIV.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)529-533
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
Volume15
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-11-2016

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India
HIV
Therapeutics
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Logistic Models
Alcohol Abstinence
Patient Education
Counseling
Chronic Disease
Multivariate Analysis
Odds Ratio
Alcohols
Confidence Intervals

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology
  • Dermatology
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

@article{b78c6a327ed74949872e009961b332dd,
title = "Factors Influencing Adherence to Antiretroviral Therapy among People Living with HIV in Coastal South India",
abstract = "Background: Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) has transformed life threatening HIV/AIDS scenario into chronic manageable disease. Methodology: In this cross-sectional, 409 People Living with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (PLHIV) aged ≥ 18 years, who were on ART, were assessed regarding the adherence to ART and factors affecting adherence using semi-structured questionnaire. The association between factors affecting adherence and the level of adherence were analyzed using multiple logistic regression model and odds ratio (OR) with 95{\%} confidence intervals (CI) were reported. Results: Among 409 PLHIV, 70.4{\%} showed adherence to ART (≥95{\%}). Univariate analysis yielded many factor associated with adherence (P < 0.05). However, on multivariate analysis, PLHIV who do not forget to take ART and not consuming alcohol were the factors consistent with adherence to ART (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Regular patient education and counseling regarding the usage of memory AIDS and abstinence from alcohol could be useful for adherence and long term success of ART among PLHIV.",
author = "{Banagi Yathiraj}, Arjun and Bhaskaran Unnikrishnan and Ramapuram, {John T.} and Nithin Kumar and Prasanna Mithra and Vaman Kulkarni and Ramesh Holla and B. Darshan and Rekha Thapar",
year = "2016",
month = "11",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/2325957416661424",
language = "English",
volume = "15",
pages = "529--533",
journal = "Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care",
issn = "2325-9574",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Factors Influencing Adherence to Antiretroviral Therapy among People Living with HIV in Coastal South India

AU - Banagi Yathiraj, Arjun

AU - Unnikrishnan, Bhaskaran

AU - Ramapuram, John T.

AU - Kumar, Nithin

AU - Mithra, Prasanna

AU - Kulkarni, Vaman

AU - Holla, Ramesh

AU - Darshan, B.

AU - Thapar, Rekha

PY - 2016/11/1

Y1 - 2016/11/1

N2 - Background: Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) has transformed life threatening HIV/AIDS scenario into chronic manageable disease. Methodology: In this cross-sectional, 409 People Living with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (PLHIV) aged ≥ 18 years, who were on ART, were assessed regarding the adherence to ART and factors affecting adherence using semi-structured questionnaire. The association between factors affecting adherence and the level of adherence were analyzed using multiple logistic regression model and odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) were reported. Results: Among 409 PLHIV, 70.4% showed adherence to ART (≥95%). Univariate analysis yielded many factor associated with adherence (P < 0.05). However, on multivariate analysis, PLHIV who do not forget to take ART and not consuming alcohol were the factors consistent with adherence to ART (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Regular patient education and counseling regarding the usage of memory AIDS and abstinence from alcohol could be useful for adherence and long term success of ART among PLHIV.

AB - Background: Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) has transformed life threatening HIV/AIDS scenario into chronic manageable disease. Methodology: In this cross-sectional, 409 People Living with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (PLHIV) aged ≥ 18 years, who were on ART, were assessed regarding the adherence to ART and factors affecting adherence using semi-structured questionnaire. The association between factors affecting adherence and the level of adherence were analyzed using multiple logistic regression model and odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) were reported. Results: Among 409 PLHIV, 70.4% showed adherence to ART (≥95%). Univariate analysis yielded many factor associated with adherence (P < 0.05). However, on multivariate analysis, PLHIV who do not forget to take ART and not consuming alcohol were the factors consistent with adherence to ART (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Regular patient education and counseling regarding the usage of memory AIDS and abstinence from alcohol could be useful for adherence and long term success of ART among PLHIV.

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M3 - Article

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