Abstract

Background: Antiretroviral therapy (ART) has increased life expectancy of HIV/AIDS patients, but the quality of life (QOL) still remains the same. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 356 people living with HIV (PLHIV) were interviewed to assess their QOL using WHOQOL-HIV BREF questionnaire. The association between QOL with sociodemographic, clinical and cohabitation status of the participants was tested using ANOVA and Student t-test, and p value <.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Physical domain of QOL showed maximum score of 16.4, while a minimum score of 12.2 was seen in social relationship domain. Participants with higher socioeconomic status (SES) and self-motivated to take ART had shown better scores across all the domains of QOL (p <.05). Conclusion: In our study, quality of life was high among males, younger patients, married participants, higher socioeconomic status, longer duration of ART, self-motivation to take ART, absence of opportunistic infection, and with higher CD4 count.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)247-253
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
Volume16
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-05-2017

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India
Quality of Life
HIV
Social Class
Opportunistic Infections
Therapeutics
CD4 Lymphocyte Count
Life Expectancy
Analysis of Variance
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Cross-Sectional Studies
Students

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology
  • Dermatology
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

@article{b8e7293e4daf4debb06cd0dfa5cee2cd,
title = "Factors Influencing Quality of Life among People Living with HIV in Coastal South India",
abstract = "Background: Antiretroviral therapy (ART) has increased life expectancy of HIV/AIDS patients, but the quality of life (QOL) still remains the same. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 356 people living with HIV (PLHIV) were interviewed to assess their QOL using WHOQOL-HIV BREF questionnaire. The association between QOL with sociodemographic, clinical and cohabitation status of the participants was tested using ANOVA and Student t-test, and p value <.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Physical domain of QOL showed maximum score of 16.4, while a minimum score of 12.2 was seen in social relationship domain. Participants with higher socioeconomic status (SES) and self-motivated to take ART had shown better scores across all the domains of QOL (p <.05). Conclusion: In our study, quality of life was high among males, younger patients, married participants, higher socioeconomic status, longer duration of ART, self-motivation to take ART, absence of opportunistic infection, and with higher CD4 count.",
author = "Arjun, {Banagi Yathiraj} and Bhaskaran Unnikrishnan and Ramapuram, {John T.} and Rekha Thapar and Prasanna Mithra and Nithin Kumar and Deepak Madi and Vaman Kulkarni and Ramesh Holla and Bhagawan Darshan",
year = "2017",
month = "5",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/2325957415599213",
language = "English",
volume = "16",
pages = "247--253",
journal = "Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care",
issn = "2325-9574",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Factors Influencing Quality of Life among People Living with HIV in Coastal South India

AU - Arjun, Banagi Yathiraj

AU - Unnikrishnan, Bhaskaran

AU - Ramapuram, John T.

AU - Thapar, Rekha

AU - Mithra, Prasanna

AU - Kumar, Nithin

AU - Madi, Deepak

AU - Kulkarni, Vaman

AU - Holla, Ramesh

AU - Darshan, Bhagawan

PY - 2017/5/1

Y1 - 2017/5/1

N2 - Background: Antiretroviral therapy (ART) has increased life expectancy of HIV/AIDS patients, but the quality of life (QOL) still remains the same. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 356 people living with HIV (PLHIV) were interviewed to assess their QOL using WHOQOL-HIV BREF questionnaire. The association between QOL with sociodemographic, clinical and cohabitation status of the participants was tested using ANOVA and Student t-test, and p value <.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Physical domain of QOL showed maximum score of 16.4, while a minimum score of 12.2 was seen in social relationship domain. Participants with higher socioeconomic status (SES) and self-motivated to take ART had shown better scores across all the domains of QOL (p <.05). Conclusion: In our study, quality of life was high among males, younger patients, married participants, higher socioeconomic status, longer duration of ART, self-motivation to take ART, absence of opportunistic infection, and with higher CD4 count.

AB - Background: Antiretroviral therapy (ART) has increased life expectancy of HIV/AIDS patients, but the quality of life (QOL) still remains the same. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 356 people living with HIV (PLHIV) were interviewed to assess their QOL using WHOQOL-HIV BREF questionnaire. The association between QOL with sociodemographic, clinical and cohabitation status of the participants was tested using ANOVA and Student t-test, and p value <.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Physical domain of QOL showed maximum score of 16.4, while a minimum score of 12.2 was seen in social relationship domain. Participants with higher socioeconomic status (SES) and self-motivated to take ART had shown better scores across all the domains of QOL (p <.05). Conclusion: In our study, quality of life was high among males, younger patients, married participants, higher socioeconomic status, longer duration of ART, self-motivation to take ART, absence of opportunistic infection, and with higher CD4 count.

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