Finite element analysis of immature teeth filled with MTA, Biodentine and Bioaggregate

Afiya Eram, Mohammad Zuber, Laxmikant G. Keni, Sagar Kalburgi, Rajaram Naik, Shruti Bhandary, Swathi Amin, Irfan Anjum Badruddin

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Abstract

Background and objective: Finite element based simulation has emerged as a powerful tool to analyse the tooth strength and its fracture characteristics. The aim of this study is to compare and evaluate the fracture resistance of immature teeth reinforcement with MTA, Biodentine and Bioaggregate as an apical plug and backfill material using Finite Element Method. Methods: A 3D finite element analysis model was generated using a simulated immature maxillary central incisor. Seven different models were developed representing (Model 1): control group having an immature tooth model without any reinforcement material; (Model 2): Mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) as apical plug 4 mm; (Model 3): Biodentine as apical plug 4 mm; (Model 4): Bioaggregate as apical plug 4 mm; (Model 5): MTA filled in the entire root canal 8.5 mm; (Model 6): Biodentine filled in the entire root canal 8.5 mm; (Model 7): Bioaggregate filled in the entire root canal 8.5 mm. A force of 100 N was applied at an angle of 130° to the palatal surface of the tooth. Stress distribution at cemento‑enamel junction was measured using the Von Mises stress criteria. Results: It was found that the 4 mm apical plug using MTA showed higher fracture resistance when compared to 8.5 mm backfill using MTA. When MTA was replaced as backfill material by Biodentine and Bioaggregate, the von mises stress increased by 64% and 94% respectively. Conclusions: It is not desirable to restore the entire root canal of an immature teeth using same material due to higher stress concentration at the cervical region. Considering the shorter setting time and improved handling characteristics, Biodentine can be preferred over the time‑tested MTA as an apical plug.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105356
JournalComputer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
Volume190
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 07-2020

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Software
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Health Informatics

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