Flexible UWB and MIMO Antennas for Wireless Body Area Network: A Review

Vikash Kumar Jhunjhunwala, Tanweer Ali, Pramod Kumar, Praveen Kumar, Pradeep Kumar, Sakshi Shrivastava, Arnav Abhijit Bhagwat

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

In recent years, there has been a surge of interest in the field of wireless communication for designing a monitoring system to observe the activity of the human body remotely. With the use of wireless body area networks (WBAN), chronic health and physical activity may be tracked without interfering with routine lifestyle. This crucial real-time data transmission requires low power, high speed, and broader bandwidth communication. Ultrawideband (UWB) technology has been explored for short-range and high-speed applications to cater to these demands over the last decades. The antenna is a crucial component of the WBAN system, which lowers the overall system’s performance. The human body’s morphology necessitates a flexible antenna. In this article, we comprehensively survey the relevant flexible materials and their qualities utilized to develop the flexible antenna. Further, we retrospectively investigate the design issues and the strategies employed in designing the flexible UWB antenna, such as incorporating the modified ground layer, including the parasitic elements, coplanar waveguide, metamaterial loading, etc. To improve isolation and channel capacity in WBAN applications, the most recent decoupling structures proven in UWB MIMO technology are presented.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9549
JournalSensors
Volume22
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12-2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Information Systems
  • Biochemistry
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Instrumentation
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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