Gamma and neutron irradiation effects on the structural and optical properties of potash alum crystals

A. N. Prabhu, Pramoda Kumara Shetty, Indudhar Panduranga Vali, Hemanth Kumar, Sowmyasree Udupa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effects of gamma and neutron irradiation on the structural and optical properties have been presented in this article. The potash alum crystals were grown by the slow evaporation technique. The crystals were then exposed with 60Co gamma rays and Am-Be neutron source. The radiation induced effects were analysed using XRD, UV–visible techniques. The refractive index was determined by the Brewster's angle method. There has been an increase in the diffraction peak intensity with the increase in irradiation doses, which indicates an increase in crystalline perfection of crystals. There has been a marginal change in dislocation density, micro strain and distortion parameter, which is attributed to deformation of the structure due to irradiation. The UV visible study reveals a shift in transparency cut off wavelength towards lower wavelength up to 70 kGy of gamma dose and this has resulted in an increase in optical band gap energy with increase in gamma dose. There is a considerable increase in the optical band gap after five hour neutron irradiation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)37-41
Number of pages5
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms
Volume413
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15-12-2017

Fingerprint

alum
Potash
Neutron irradiation
neutron irradiation
Structural properties
Optical properties
Optical band gaps
optical properties
dosage
Crystals
Dosimetry
irradiation
Irradiation
crystals
Wavelength
Brewster angle
Neutron sources
neutron sources
wavelengths
Gamma rays

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Instrumentation

Cite this

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abstract = "The effects of gamma and neutron irradiation on the structural and optical properties have been presented in this article. The potash alum crystals were grown by the slow evaporation technique. The crystals were then exposed with 60Co gamma rays and Am-Be neutron source. The radiation induced effects were analysed using XRD, UV–visible techniques. The refractive index was determined by the Brewster's angle method. There has been an increase in the diffraction peak intensity with the increase in irradiation doses, which indicates an increase in crystalline perfection of crystals. There has been a marginal change in dislocation density, micro strain and distortion parameter, which is attributed to deformation of the structure due to irradiation. The UV visible study reveals a shift in transparency cut off wavelength towards lower wavelength up to 70 kGy of gamma dose and this has resulted in an increase in optical band gap energy with increase in gamma dose. There is a considerable increase in the optical band gap after five hour neutron irradiation.",
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T1 - Gamma and neutron irradiation effects on the structural and optical properties of potash alum crystals

AU - Prabhu, A. N.

AU - Shetty, Pramoda Kumara

AU - Vali, Indudhar Panduranga

AU - Kumar, Hemanth

AU - Udupa, Sowmyasree

PY - 2017/12/15

Y1 - 2017/12/15

N2 - The effects of gamma and neutron irradiation on the structural and optical properties have been presented in this article. The potash alum crystals were grown by the slow evaporation technique. The crystals were then exposed with 60Co gamma rays and Am-Be neutron source. The radiation induced effects were analysed using XRD, UV–visible techniques. The refractive index was determined by the Brewster's angle method. There has been an increase in the diffraction peak intensity with the increase in irradiation doses, which indicates an increase in crystalline perfection of crystals. There has been a marginal change in dislocation density, micro strain and distortion parameter, which is attributed to deformation of the structure due to irradiation. The UV visible study reveals a shift in transparency cut off wavelength towards lower wavelength up to 70 kGy of gamma dose and this has resulted in an increase in optical band gap energy with increase in gamma dose. There is a considerable increase in the optical band gap after five hour neutron irradiation.

AB - The effects of gamma and neutron irradiation on the structural and optical properties have been presented in this article. The potash alum crystals were grown by the slow evaporation technique. The crystals were then exposed with 60Co gamma rays and Am-Be neutron source. The radiation induced effects were analysed using XRD, UV–visible techniques. The refractive index was determined by the Brewster's angle method. There has been an increase in the diffraction peak intensity with the increase in irradiation doses, which indicates an increase in crystalline perfection of crystals. There has been a marginal change in dislocation density, micro strain and distortion parameter, which is attributed to deformation of the structure due to irradiation. The UV visible study reveals a shift in transparency cut off wavelength towards lower wavelength up to 70 kGy of gamma dose and this has resulted in an increase in optical band gap energy with increase in gamma dose. There is a considerable increase in the optical band gap after five hour neutron irradiation.

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