Genetic confirmation of T2DM meta-analysis variants studied in gestational diabetes mellitus in an Indian population

Imran Ali Khan, Parveen Jahan, Qurratulain Hasan, Pragna Rao

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Meta-analysis is useful for combining the results of different studies statistically to confirm genuine associations in genetics. Based on earlier reports, we aimed to investigate the association between type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) genetic variants identified in a previous meta-analysis in gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in an Indian woman. Material and methods: In this study, 137 pregnant women with GDM and 150 pregnant women were selected on the basis of their serum glucose levels. The six single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of different genes studied had known involvement in pancreatic β-cell function, particular pathways linked to T2DM, and other biological functions. Genomic DNA was isolated from the 287 women for polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism analyses. Results: The rs7903146, rs13266634, rs2283228, rs5210 and rs179881 SNPs were found to be positively associated with GDM when calculated for genotype and allele frequencies (p < 0.05), but rs680 (ApaI) variant did not show statistically significant association (p = 0.31). The rs7903146, rs2283228, rs5210 and rs680 variants showed a strong association with oral glucose tolerance test values. Conclusion: The SNPs studied in this GDM had the same role as those identified in a previous T2DM meta-analysis, and showed positive association in the Indian women. Meta-analyses should be implemented to assess the IGF2 gene in GDM subjects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)688-694
Number of pages7
JournalDiabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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