Geographic information systems in spatial epidemiology: Unveiling new horizons in dental public health

Prajna Nayak, Jagadeesha Pai, Nishu Singla, Krishnaraj Somayaji, Dheeraj Kalra

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: Research on the role of environment and place in various aspects of dental public health using geographic information systems (GIS) is escalating rapidly. Yet, the understanding of GIS and the analytical tools that it offers are still vaguely understood. This narrative review therefore draws from the utilization of GIS in the dental public health research. Materials and Methods: Electronic databases such as Google Scholar, PUBMED, and Scopus were searched using terms 'spatial epidemiology,' 'GIS,' 'geographic information systems,' 'health geography,' 'environment public health tracking,' 'spatial distribution,' 'disease mapping,' 'geographic correlation studies,' 'cartography,' 'big data,' and 'disease clustering' through December 2019. Results: This review builds upon the prospects of GIS application in various aspects of dental public health. Studies were classified as: (1) GIS for mapping of disease, population at risk, and risk factors; (2) GIS in geographic correlation studies; (3) GIS for gauging healthcare accessibility and spatial distribution of healthcare providers. We also identified the commonly used GIS analytical techniques in oral epidemiology. Conclusions: We anticipate that this review will spur advancement in the utilization of spatial analytical techniques and GIS in the dental public health research.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)125-131
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of International Society of Preventive and Community Dentistry
Volume11
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-03-2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Dentistry(all)

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