Glycemic status among newly diagnosed tuberculosis patients and their treatment outcomes-A prospective cohort study

R. N. Hithaish Kumar, Chythra R. Rao, Reshma Kumarchandra, Ravindra Maradi, S. V. Chidananda Sanju

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Introduction and Aim: Tuberculosis is a serious systemic infection, which is a serious threat for developing countries including India. To address the disease burden, India has rolled out National Tuberculosis Elimination Program (NTEP) incorporating daily drug regimen with appropriate weight bands for treatment. Monitoring treatment outcomes for daily drug regimen with one-year post-treatment follow-up was the objective of the study. Materials and Methods: A prospective community-based cohort study was conducted between January 2020 and September 2021, in Udupi district. Patients were recruited from 62 different Primary health centres. Their baseline data was collected, glycaemic status was assessed using glycated hemoglobin. The patients were followed up till their treatment completion and one-year post-treatment follow-up was also done. Results: One hundred and two patients were diagnosed with tuberculosis during the 1st quarter of 2020 (Jan-Mar 2020) and started on daily drug regimen treatment. Favourable outcomes were noted among 107(95.1%), while unfavourable outcomes were noted among 5(4.9%). Females in younger age group and free from comorbidities had favourable outcomes. Older age groups, prediabetics, patients with lower BMI, and pulmonary tuberculosis had unfavourable outcomes. Conclusion: The daily drug regimen for tuberculosis was found to be effective in terms of reducing the treatment failure rates. Evaluation of glycaemic status using Glycosylated hemoglobin at the time of diagnosis of tuberculosis is desirable. So that, life style modification could be suggested to avoid progression of prediabetes to diabetes. Screening for diabetes using Glycosylated hemoglobin at treatment initiation is advocated to avoid unfavourable outcomes during TB treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)493-498
Number of pages6
JournalBiomedicine (India)
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 03-07-2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)


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