Objective: To study possible inhibition of oxidative stress and cataract formation by single combined formulation of grape seed extract and Zincovit tablets against sodium selenite-induced age-related cataract in Wistar rat pups. Methods: Oxidative stress and consequent cataract formation was induced by subcutaneous administration of a single dose of sodium selenite (10 µmoles/kg) to Wistar rat pups on day 7 post-natally. In experiments designed to inhibit such cataract formation, the pups were pretreated subcutaneously with combined formulation of grape seed extract and Zincovit tablets (40, 80 and 160 mg/kg), one day prior to the administration of selenite and continuing such treatment till day 20, when the experiments were terminated. The extent of tissue damage caused by the selenite was assessed biochemically by measurements of the levels of reduced glutathione, glutathione peroxidase, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, protein thiol, catalase, superoxide dismutase, malondialdehyde, aldose reductase, sorbitol dehydrogenase and adenosine triphosphate in the isolated lenses. Cataract formation and its prevention were monitored by examining the eye with pen light illumination and subsequent photography of the isolated lenses. Results: Injection of selenite led to a significant loss of lens clarity due to cataract formation. In the group treated with combined formulation of grape seed extract and Zincovit tablets, the formation of cataract was significantly prevented. In the normal and selenite induced senile cataract control group, the levels of lens oxidative stress markers, G6PD and ATP were substantially lower than in the grape seed extract with Zincovit tablets treated group (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Over all, the results suggest that single combined formulation of grape seed extract and Zincovit tablets may offer a prophylactic measure against onset and progression of age- related cataract of human subjects as nutritional food supplement.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Medicine (miscellaneous)
- Nutrition and Dietetics
- Geriatrics and Gerontology