Green synthesis, structural characterization, and catalytic activity of silver nanoparticles stabilized with Bridelia retusa leaf extract

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Abstract

An environmentally benign method to synthesize silver nanoparticles (SNPs) using the leaf extract of Bridelia retusa was developed. The UV-Vis absorption spectrum of the synthesized SNPs displayed a surface plasmon peak at 420 nm. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) revealed the irregular shaped nanoparticles, and energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) ascertained the presence of metallic silver by showing a strong signal at 3 eV. The crystalline structure of metallic silver was confirmed by X-ray diffraction (XRD). The mean size of the SNPs was calculated as 16.21 nm. Fourier infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopic studies displayed specific bands for various functional groups and affirmed the function of reduction and stabilization of SNPs. The stability was endorsed by the zeta potential value of -?18.1 mV. The results evidenced that this leaf extract-mediated synthesis method is eco-friendly, rapid, and cheap. The catalytic power of the SNPs was investigated for Rhodamine B dye degradation. The SNPs completely degraded Rhodamine B within 9 min; thus, the dye degradation process was very rapid. The pseudo-first order degradation constant was found out to be 0.1323 min-1. This paves the way for the future development of novel nano-catalysts to reduce environmental pollution.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)30-37
Number of pages8
JournalGreen Processing and Synthesis
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23-02-2018

Fingerprint

Silver
Nanoparticles
silver
Catalyst activity
rhodamine B
Degradation
degradation
dye
Coloring Agents
Dyes
Environmental Pollution
nanoparticle
absorption spectrum
Zeta potential
X-Ray Diffraction
Electron Scanning Microscopy
Functional groups
functional group
Absorption spectra
stabilization

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

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title = "Green synthesis, structural characterization, and catalytic activity of silver nanoparticles stabilized with Bridelia retusa leaf extract",
abstract = "An environmentally benign method to synthesize silver nanoparticles (SNPs) using the leaf extract of Bridelia retusa was developed. The UV-Vis absorption spectrum of the synthesized SNPs displayed a surface plasmon peak at 420 nm. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) revealed the irregular shaped nanoparticles, and energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) ascertained the presence of metallic silver by showing a strong signal at 3 eV. The crystalline structure of metallic silver was confirmed by X-ray diffraction (XRD). The mean size of the SNPs was calculated as 16.21 nm. Fourier infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopic studies displayed specific bands for various functional groups and affirmed the function of reduction and stabilization of SNPs. The stability was endorsed by the zeta potential value of -?18.1 mV. The results evidenced that this leaf extract-mediated synthesis method is eco-friendly, rapid, and cheap. The catalytic power of the SNPs was investigated for Rhodamine B dye degradation. The SNPs completely degraded Rhodamine B within 9 min; thus, the dye degradation process was very rapid. The pseudo-first order degradation constant was found out to be 0.1323 min-1. This paves the way for the future development of novel nano-catalysts to reduce environmental pollution.",
author = "Ramesh Vinayagam and Thivaharan Varadavenkatesan and Raja Selvaraj",
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AU - Vinayagam, Ramesh

AU - Varadavenkatesan, Thivaharan

AU - Selvaraj, Raja

PY - 2018/2/23

Y1 - 2018/2/23

N2 - An environmentally benign method to synthesize silver nanoparticles (SNPs) using the leaf extract of Bridelia retusa was developed. The UV-Vis absorption spectrum of the synthesized SNPs displayed a surface plasmon peak at 420 nm. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) revealed the irregular shaped nanoparticles, and energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) ascertained the presence of metallic silver by showing a strong signal at 3 eV. The crystalline structure of metallic silver was confirmed by X-ray diffraction (XRD). The mean size of the SNPs was calculated as 16.21 nm. Fourier infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopic studies displayed specific bands for various functional groups and affirmed the function of reduction and stabilization of SNPs. The stability was endorsed by the zeta potential value of -?18.1 mV. The results evidenced that this leaf extract-mediated synthesis method is eco-friendly, rapid, and cheap. The catalytic power of the SNPs was investigated for Rhodamine B dye degradation. The SNPs completely degraded Rhodamine B within 9 min; thus, the dye degradation process was very rapid. The pseudo-first order degradation constant was found out to be 0.1323 min-1. This paves the way for the future development of novel nano-catalysts to reduce environmental pollution.

AB - An environmentally benign method to synthesize silver nanoparticles (SNPs) using the leaf extract of Bridelia retusa was developed. The UV-Vis absorption spectrum of the synthesized SNPs displayed a surface plasmon peak at 420 nm. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) revealed the irregular shaped nanoparticles, and energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) ascertained the presence of metallic silver by showing a strong signal at 3 eV. The crystalline structure of metallic silver was confirmed by X-ray diffraction (XRD). The mean size of the SNPs was calculated as 16.21 nm. Fourier infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopic studies displayed specific bands for various functional groups and affirmed the function of reduction and stabilization of SNPs. The stability was endorsed by the zeta potential value of -?18.1 mV. The results evidenced that this leaf extract-mediated synthesis method is eco-friendly, rapid, and cheap. The catalytic power of the SNPs was investigated for Rhodamine B dye degradation. The SNPs completely degraded Rhodamine B within 9 min; thus, the dye degradation process was very rapid. The pseudo-first order degradation constant was found out to be 0.1323 min-1. This paves the way for the future development of novel nano-catalysts to reduce environmental pollution.

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